Toothache: what to do, how to get rid of

Toothache — a phenomenon as unpleasant as it is dangerous. In General, any pain is an indicator of one or another failure in the body. In this way the body signals us that it is not all right. Pain in the teeth is no exception. Causes of tooth pain may be different. Depending on the etiological factor varies and the nature of pain. The complaint of the patient that a toothache can mean as a sharp pain and aching pain. Aching pain in the tooth usually indicates a chronic indolent disease. So, what could be a toothache? What to do in case of acute or chronic toothache? What anesthetic drug or a method of traditional medicine should be used in each case?

The mechanism of development

From what a toothache? The principle of the development of pain in dentistry is mechanical compression of nerve by edematous tissue, fragments of bone formation at the injury, pathologically movable tooth. Sharp tooth pain develops in marked symptoms purulent processes with the acute course, injuries. The contact of the nerve by the tissues is constant and having a relatively large area. Nagging toothache — a sign of a sluggish chronic process, in which the effect on the nerve is not so intense.

Acute dental pain often occurs in such diseases as:

  1. injuries of teeth and jaws apparatus;
  2. acute inflammatory processes;
  3. purulent process (abscess, cellulitis);
  4. an open channel in place of taking off the seals.

In the latter case, the tooth is very sore after a meal, when the area of occurrence of nerve get microscopic pieces of food.

At first, to dull the sensations can by rinsing the mouth with water. In the future, the channel becomes a habitat for bacterial flora, inflammation and severe toothache becomes permanent.

Aching tooth with a sluggish inflammatory processes, such as:

  • pulpitis;
  • periodontitis;
  • periostitis;
  • periodontitis and others.

To get rid of the pain in this case it is easier — however the effect is usually temporary. The absence of skilled care sooner or later leads to the exacerbation of the process, and the tooth must be removed.

Sometimes patients ask questions about why makes healthy teeth in the lower jaw. The reason lies in the defeat of the trigeminal nerve, Innervate the affected area. This is a dental problem only partially and requires consultation of a neurologist, internist, neurosurgeon or the maxillofacial surgeon.

The factors contributing to toothache

Symptoms of a toothache in the presence of deep caries or open channels can occur or be aggravated under the influence of the following factors:

  1. getting into the channel of foreign bodies, usually pieces of food;
  2. getting into the channel of the fluids, irritant;
  3. hypothermia;
  4. rough mechanical impact, blows to the jaw;
  5. ignoring rules of personal hygiene.
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Sometimes it starts to hurt a healthy tooth. Here are 3 possible reasons:

  • impacted tooth growing deep in the jaws and invisible from the outside, pressure to a healthy body. Subjectively, the patient will wonder why aching teeth?
  • in some cases the infection has entered into the region of the root hematogenous or lymphogenous way. Develops inflammation. The external body looks perfectly healthy. However, to understand why it hurts, will not every dentist.
  • on examination, the patient complaining a healthy tooth, sometimes it turns out that in the past the treatment of this unit have already been held for several years or decades ago. Such a tooth can ache at the settlement of the seal during prolonged use and it tightly fit to the walls.

Full treatment of dental diseases is possible only in the dentist’s office. However, there are methods to slightly delay the visit to the doctor in case of impossibility of timely visit to him. How to get rid of a toothache?


About how to treat the aching tooth, as described in the specialized professional and Amateur sources. However, the information contained in the scientific and popular literature and magazines type «HLS» need to pass through the prism of common sense. In General, one should clearly separate the two concepts: how to remove tooth pain capital so she no longer arise, and how to soothe a toothache temporarily, until a visit to the doctor.

The full treatment

If you have a toothache, what will the physician do? Treatment algorithm for patients teeth similar in most cases. That unpleasant feeling when you have a toothache, it is over, it is necessary to reduce «no access» bacteria in the region of the root. To do this, a cavity drill, disinfected and sealed. In the presence of a suppurative focus may require opening and drainage installation of glove rubber. Before manipulation, the practitioner should be to numb the tooth.

To eliminate tooth pain can and by removing the problematic organ. Modern dentistry adheres to the principle of sparing, so extraction is used only in the case if the aching tooth is completely destroyed and beyond repair. Surgery to remove helps to eliminate tooth pain, however, further requires prosthetic masticatory organ.

Pharmacological methods for temporary relief of pain and inflammation

How to numb tooth pain when to see a doctor at the time of its occurrence is not possible? If very sore tooth, should adopt such means as:

  1. antibiotics;
  2. anti-inflammatory drugs;
  3. antibacterial rinses for the mouth.

Selection of funds is due to the fact that the basis of dental pain is the inflammation. The antibiotics help destroy or slow the growth of bacteria in the pathological focus, anti-inflammatory medications decrease inflammation and help to reduce toothache, rinse reduce the likelihood of repeated reflux of bacteria into the region of the root.

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Among the antibiotics used, if you have a toothache, include lincomycin, Amoxiclav, metronidazole, ciprofloxacin. These tools are well penetrate the gum tissue and jaw.

However, before you can cure a toothache, they need some time to be in the nidus. The search for an answer to the question of how to relieve a toothache, you should not stop solely on antibacterial drugs.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are both painkillers. However, the effect on the inflammatory process the weaker, the stronger analgesic action, and Vice versa. So, ketorol has excellent analgesic effect. Applies to people who seek how to relieve toothache. However, the intensity of the inflammation when its use is reduced slightly. In turn, paracetamol and aspirin relieves inflammation, but analgesic effect is almost not possess. What should I do if my teeth hurt? Optimum is receiving funds, with aggregate levels of anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. Among them include analgin, ibuprofen, MiG, baralgin, Pentalgin, ortophenum (diclofenac).

The solution to the problem of how to relieve acute dental pain includes the use of antibacterial rinsing of a mouth. This purpose can be used a weak aqueous solution of chlorhexidine, Miramistin, octenisept, pink solution of potassium permanganate and other antiseptic, not includes alcohol and is intended for disinfection of mucous membranes.

Traditional methods of pain relief


What to do if a severe toothache, if there is at hand the necessary medicines, and the kind of pain that makes teeth? Useful in this situation may be some recipes from the Arsenal of folk medicine:

Freeze. Freezing is one of the simplest techniques used by people who seek how to stop a toothache. Method does not resolve the root cause of the disease, and in some cases may cause harm. However, it is suitable for short-term relief of suffering of the patient.
The freezing is produced by superimposing on the projection of the patient’s tooth, pieces of ice, wrapped in a soft cloth. Procedure time should not exceed 15-20 minutes. Otherwise, the patient is to relieve pain, the risk of local frostbite cheeks. In addition, a long cooling time leads to a decrease in local immunity and the rapid development of pathogenic microorganisms in the hearth.
Onion-garlic mixture. Depending on why a toothache, temporarily remove the pain, you can use onion-garlic mixture. For its preparation it is necessary to take equal amounts of onion, garlic and salt. All components are crushed to a pulp and mixed together. The substance in a small amount is applied to gauze and placed in a cavity. The time of treatment should not exceed 0.5–1 hour.
The mixture should not be used if you have a toothache, which had the seal or which you have a large carious channel. Juice vegetable antiseptics can get into the area of occurrence of the nerve, which leads to a sharp increase in the symptoms of the disease.
The propolis. How to relieve a toothache using the bee products? For this small a pea propolis should be placed in a cavity and leave it there for a while. The beginning of action of the drug is considered to be a feeling of light numbness in the area of pathology. Treatment with propolis helps if chronically aching tooth. What to do for acute pain? For its relief using an alcohol tincture of propolis (30%). Apply the tool by applying a swab soaked in tincture, on the aching tooth.
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Tools alcohol-based should be used cautiously as they may cause chemical burns of the mucous membrane, or to provoke an increase in pain. It does not matter, hurt the lower teeth or the upper.


Long known why there is a toothache and what to do to remove it. However, we also know that preventing disease is much easier than to cure it. Therefore, healthy teeth can only be a person suffers simple preventive measures:

  • teeth brushing should be performed twice a day;
  • after a meal, experts recommend using a toothpick or dental floss to remove food debris from interdental spaces;
  • to preserve healthy teeth, it is better to exclude from the diet foods that contain high amounts of acids (Coca-Cola);
  • necessary to avoid sudden temperature changes in the mouth that occurs when simultaneous use is very cold and very hot products (ice tea);
  • twice a year should undergo preventive checkups at the dentist. In addition, a doctor should be contact if aching tooth or a severe toothache.

In conclusion, we can say that it is even possible to stop severe pain. Modern medication is able to relieve pain sensitivity. However, to eliminate the source of the problem just as easily fail. Therefore, the use of antibiotics and analgesics, as well as folk remedies, perhaps only as a temporary measure.

Full freedom from dental problems can give only a doctor with the necessary skills, experience and equipment.