Toothbrush: how to choose and clean teeth

Toothbrush at all times, was an attribute of cleanliness, health of the oral cavity. Archaeological expedition has found dozens of different historical evidence about the use of these devices in ancient times. Design since then not much has changed. Classic manual toothbrush consists of a rod, the bristles. Today the range of products impresses with its range of products, from design to functionality.

The parameters of quality and functionality

Manufacturers offer the consumer not only traditional toothbrushes. To clean the mouth today can be ultrasonic or electric models. Despite the huge range and also the difference in functions, any toothbrush consists of a head with bristles. The bristles are made from artificial fibers, mostly nylon strings. Brushes with natural bristles accumulate bacterial microflora, create the ideal conditions for its reproduction. The handle of the brush may have various designs, suitable for both right-handed and left-handed, be a convex or a concave shape. So, how to choose a toothbrush? What toothbrushes are best? Quality brushes are classified according to certain criteria.


The degree of hardness impact of the bristle is determined by the following criteria:

  • very hard;
  • hard;
  • average degree of hardness;
  • bristles are soft exposure;
  • very soft bristles.

Choice of toothbrush hardness of the bristle is determined by the age assessment of the oral cavity of the person. Milk teeth requires a more careful bleaching, therefore, the bristles should be soft or very soft. Soft bristles should be chosen and those who have high sensitivity to the gums or enamel.

Width of active head

The width of the cleaning head is not the last value when choosing the best toothbrush. The correct size of motor heads, the total number and the spacing of the beams, completely determine the hygiene of the oral cavity. The number of setae is different for different categories of consumers:

  1. children of early age (about 23 bundles);
  2. teenagers (about 39 bundles);
  3. adults (from 47 to 55 bundles);
  4. monopikovye brush for all categories (recommended in the presence of the braces, irregularities of the enamel).

The number of beams depends on the size of the cleaning head, the volume of the oral cavity. As usual, head length any models and modifications does not exceed 3 cm. If the head does not match the size of the cleaning surface, it is possible to injure the mucous tissue, the gums. When teaching kid teeth brushing, it is very important which toothbrush is the first.

The shape of the head:

  • square;
  • oval;
  • round;
  • round.

Toothbrushes can take many forms, but the best is oval. Such a head is better to cleanse the enamel, eliminating it from the surface of pathogenic microorganisms, dental plaque and stone.

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Types and modifications

To clean the teeth today are different brushes, ranging from ordinary classic, ending with the latest developments, which is oral cavity cleaning by ultrasonic wave or the wave vibrations. So many different options, how to choose toothbrush one? Among the wide range of products identify the main groups of functionality.


Among these products unchanged sales leader is considered the classic manual toothbrush. Many manufacturers strongly change the design of the head or the handle, equip parts rubber fragments, drawings and decorative details. Toothbrushes, is generally selected according to the degree of rigidity vicinity bristle, handle, head. Correctly matched the product perfectly cleanses the oral cavity from plaque and sediment, eliminates odor, all motion is fully controlled by a human hand. The risk of trauma when using the toothbrush on purpose reduced to a minimum. Small children accustomed to the daily hygiene procedure with manual option.

With active ions

Ionic toothbrushes are an interesting solution for daily readjustment of the oral cavity. Feature is the special rod, which caused the special coating of titanium dioxide. Titanium alloy releases negatively charged electrons (-), which after connecting with the salivary liquid attracting positively charged hydrogen ions (+). The hydrogen ions quickly destroy the acidic environment in which they develop pathogenic microorganisms. Under the influence of such media plaque, the plaque is fully eliminated and charged ions saliva for a long time retains the therapeutic effect. Key benefits:

  1. quality cleaning;
  2. safety of use;
  3. the possibility of brushing without toothpaste;
  4. the saturation of the oral cavity with oxygen.

Selected ion model will have visible advantages over the ordinary. Of course, the cost will be slightly higher than the manual model.

Ultrasonic model

The best model as the modern method of removing impurities from the mouth. In the ranking of similar products, they are in the first place. Under the effect of ultrasound removes the plaque, cleaned the hard to reach places. At the same time is a prophylactic effect against caries, diseases of the mucous tissues. One of the famous Emmi-Dent 6 Professional, which is recommended to be used with a special paste. Ultrasonic frequency vibrations can produce almost 18,000 movements per minute, which cannot be achieved by manual cleaning with a brush for teeth.

Under the influence of ultrasonic cleaning, removed the stone and plaque, but also spots or other changes of natural pigment up to 4 tones.

Powerful ultrasound effect on plaque and plaque as a breaking wave, and the sound quickly forms a lather and washes away pathogenic plaque from the tooth enamel. Constant use such products can be achieved not only healthy teeth, but also snow-white smile. To study the rules of use of such products, you can read a detailed description of toothbrushes.

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Effective cleaning of braces

In the presence of oral orthodontic appliances is important to keep a perfect hygiene of the teeth and gums. Food may hide under the fixture and cause cavities under construction. For a thorough cleansing of the tooth enamel, some manufacturers released a range of special brushes for use while wearing braces, orthodontic retainers and other products. The best dental look ordinary, but have a parallel hole in the middle of the head. To buy such a brush to clean the tooth enamel in the open access virtually impossible, but in the stores of various Internet resources is quite real.


Electric models are very popular among adults or children. Interesting design, the versatility and operation of a capture and transform hygiene into a real pleasure. This proves the ratings of various marketing campaigns and consumer reviews. If manual with my hand makes a reflexive and rotational movement to a head simultaneously performs the electrical pulsing, reflexive and rotational actions. She is able to clean even the most stubborn plaque. The combination of movements for 1 second allows you to more efficiently clean the tooth enamel, good acting on the teeth. The pulsing movement breaking plaque into tiny fragments, and other movements gently remove it from the surface of the tooth. Among the well-known and widely used isolated Oral-b Professional Care 5000, Sonicare HealthyWhite and other. Key benefits:

  • the presence of several speeds;
  • indicator shift mode;
  • the battery indicator;
  • the safety and effectiveness.


Of course, the cost of such models is much higher, but the effect of continuous use of the toothbrush can be equated to a single procedure of professional cleaning in the dental office.

Disposable and road models

Toothbrushes such modifications are of special popularity among the lovers of active leisure and travel. Going on the road, it is important to worry about oral hygiene. Travel toothbrush better than the standard used at home. Disposable brushes have small and versatile the bristles (as rules medium hardness), small size and hygienic packaging. These products are graded toothpastes designed for one application. Here the emphasis falls more on functionality and short duration of use, therefore, special criteria for the selection of the product is not shown. A toothbrush can be used in airplane, hotel, train and many other places.

Regardless of what kind or type of product, it is important to observe hygiene of an oral cavity two times a day. The most common product for care of teeth can become irreplaceable assistants, if selected correctly. If the choice is made incorrectly, then it can only do harm.

Care toothbrush

Toothbrush is the subject of personal hygiene to care for the oral cavity, respectively, it is important to keep it clean. The best option for the storage of products is an individual container with natural ventilation. The presence of several products in one Cup is unacceptable, because in this case, the transfer of bacteria from one head to another may cause various diseases of the teeth and mucosa. This is especially true of individuals who have diagnosed latent within serious chronic diseases. It is better to choose a special holder, which will hold the handle in limbo. For absolute security against bacteria, you can rinse the head and bristles in antiseptic solutions using, for example, chlorhexidine.

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Toothbrush plays a sufficient role in the health of the mouth, but no one, even the trendy invention does not protect against tooth decay and other problems if to use a brush properly.

So, how to brush teeth brushes? During the purification of the oral cavity head makes a lot of different motions (rotational angle, translational motion) in order to fully release the oral cavity against pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora. When cleaning your teeth it is important to pay attention to the outer and inner side of the dentition, to avoid getting food debris in periodontal pockets. It is important to brush not only the teeth but also the inner surface of the cheeks, tongue and the sublingual region. There is even a special brush for gums.

Each model tooth brush needs replacement after 2-3 months. This is due to the accumulation of microorganisms on vicinity of the head. For electrical and ultrasonic products have interchangeable heads that can be purchased at the point of sale.

Choosing the best cleaning brushes depends entirely on the state of the oral cavity of the person, his preferences, age and financial condition. The use of toothbrushes has one purpose — to cleanse the mouth and it is impossible to determine any other functions. If you have difficulties in choosing the brushes, it is better to consult about it with your dentist. Doctors willing to advise on the choice of means of hygiene for the oral cavity.