What to do after tooth extraction: tips, care, treatment
For all who are faced with the need for surgical intervention in the dental chair, it is extremely important to know what to do after tooth extraction. When cured the damaged molar is not possible, it is necessary to act radically and some of its results are inevitable. The first time you have to care for the wound and prevent the ingress of infection. The observance of certain rules ensures a quick healing of tissue, in some cases, would have to see a specialist.
When surgery is needed
First decide in which cases tooth extraction is the only possible solution. This must be one of the following reasons:
- Tooth continually injure the nerve root;
- Further treatment and recovery will not give a positive result;
- The gums, tongue or mucosa of the cheeks damaged;
- During orthodontic therapy, for example, is one of the stages of treatment of malocclusion.
Recommendations before the procedure
How subsequently easy and fast the recovery process after extraction, largely depends on prior preparation. Matter the time of day on which the designated operation is better suited for this morning. The body during night rest and will tolerate stress easier than if it was afternoon or evening.
Another important point — after the termination of anesthesia will have to go through some heavy hours when the pain is felt most acutely. And if this period will be held in the evening, not night, you are given the opportunity to sleep properly and to give your body a rest.
Be sure to eat a full Breakfast first, after a visit to the dental clinic to not eat at least two hours, and secondly, so you simply take what is happening. But there are some exceptions, when there is not — when using General anesthesia or General anesthesia.
Alcohol is strictly forbidden, as it can increase the risk of edema, inflammation, bleeding.
What happens during surgery
Wound care after tooth extraction largely depends on what was chosen as extraction method and the specific molar. If we are talking about eight, this operation is often complicated and involves a high degree of trauma. But modern painkillers and special instruments to minimize discomfort during the procedure and to hold it as gently as possible, great importance is the professionalism of the doctor.
During the event, you can feel the pressure on the tooth and also the clicking, crunching. It happens that the technician removes one or more teeth, miscalculated the dosage of pain medicine. So, if you feel strong discomfort, be sure to let me know the anesthesia add.
Usually the duration does not exceed half an hour and after have a tooth pulled, the doctor proceeds to the processing of wells, with severe damage and bleeding sutured. Is applied on top of a cotton swab used for wound compression and subsequent stopping of blood.
The characteristics of successful operations
After extraction, the formation of holes in the place of the tooth, it is filled with blood, which over time turns into a clot. They open the bone is protected from various factors, mainly from infection. Then the blood clot dissolves, about two weeks after removal in its place you can see new healthy tissue. If the patient during this time, longer than necessary watching the effects of surgery, experiences severe discomfort, occurring the recovery process is somewhat complicated. This is usually fever, aching pain, other telltale signs.
Are the recommendations after tooth extraction, with which you should familiarize directly specialist. The first thing to note, the imposition of a cotton swab or gauze turundy is not always the case, but only when overt bleeding wounds.
Pay attention to other tips on what to do after tooth extraction:
- To remove imposed in the dental office swab leave only 15-20 minutes, then very carefully remove;
- First meal — not earlier than in 2 hours, need to chew on the opposite side of gums after tooth extraction;
- Remove from the diet of solid foods;
- The first day is impossible to do rinse, only an antiseptic bath;
- To avoid inflammation apply heat to the cheek is not necessary, but a cold compress will help;
- To exclude the physical exercise, a sauna, a welcome bath;
- A slight fever the evening is not considered a complication.
The main condition for further recovery — the formation of the natural clot in the hole, in case of an unsuccessful manipulation it may be removed, increasing the risk of inflammatory reaction.
Tips for removal of wisdom teeth
The above rules about what to do after extraction of a molar tooth, and a fair for eight. But extraction of wisdom teeth is usually, the consequences can be more serious.
Initial steps with continuous bleeding is not different — use gauze or hemostatic sponge, to keep more than 20-30 minutes is not recommended, repeat if necessary. If the situation has not improved, contact your specialist.
Care for a hole after a wisdom tooth is a little different in terms of the fact that it is often sutured. And they are not separated, it is important to ensure peace, not to open your mouth too wide.
When antibiotics drink them strictly according to the specified schema, without interrupting. And if you feel some discomfort in the hole, it should be a drug that laid there the dentist, try not to touch this area, brush the teeth as thoroughly as possible.
To treat symptoms such as pain and fever, it is difficult, often they do not pass within 1-2 weeks, do not be afraid.
If you know what to do after tooth extraction follow the recommendations, but the pain causes too much discomfort, should pay special attention to antiseptic baths and using pain medication or antibiotics. To assign the latter should only be a specialist by yourself start taking them it is impossible.
Baths with antiseptic
So, the first day treatment after tooth extraction can contain special antiseptic baths, not rinse. Used decoctions of herbs and drugs such as Chlorhexidine and Miramistin. The essence of the procedure is to dial in your mouth and hold it for several minutes, then an hour is nothing there. Such procedures after tooth extraction there are three times a day, begin rinsing is not immediately, but only after two days. Baths required if:
- Require additional treatment of gums;
- Was light flux;
- There is a defeat of teeth caries;
- During the extraction the patient has observed the inflammatory process.
Two days later, care after tooth extraction continues in the form of a full rinse. The most important condition concerns the temperature of the liquid, it should be warm, in any case not hot. You can start with ordinary club soda — in a glass of water 1 teaspoon of powder. Also in pharmacy good means, for example, of plant origin (Drug, Rotokan, Calvin, Novoimanin, tincture of calendula). Of iodine — Efficient, spray Yoks, nitrofuranov (Furatsilin) have a bactericidal effect.
After you have removed the tooth, the recommendation of the expert may involve antibiotics and only he has the right to appoint them. Testimony the following:
- Complicated procedure of extraction of teeth;
- Background disease — stomatitis, glossitis, candidiasis;
- Infection wells, inflammation, suppuration;
- Complex process of the adjacent teeth;
- The presence of comorbidities, low levels of immunity.
Usually prescribed five day therapy of Metronidazole or Lincomycin. If there are serious complications of type suppuration prescribe a particular drug for injection, the duration of the course seven days. In addition, when a severe toothache, even in the time of the anesthesia is allowed to take Nurofen.
Action in chronic diseases
Some patients should be especially attentive to their health, if I had to pull teeth. For example, patients with diabetes need as soon as you will home to measure sugar levels. Because of the stress index may increase, so you will be able to affect health.
Hypertension due to elevated pressure and bleeding or even bruising. So be sure to measure after visiting the dentist and take your medicine. So, you will prevent the weakness, dizziness, or suppuration, which will subsequently open.
If the patient has poor clotting of blood, he will need to carry out the procedure and appoint a special care in the hospital.
When a visit to the doctor necessary
To understand that you need to get to the specialist who performed the extraction, can help the following symptoms:
- Seams parted;
- Severe pain do not stop for more than three days;
- The soft tissues continue to swell;
- During the day high temperature (up to 39 degrees Celsius);
- There is bad breath, which indicates suppuration of the socket;
- The bleeding continued for 12 hours;
- Neighboring molars jiggle (possible dislocation of the tooth);
- Submandibular lymph nodes are inflamed;
- Paresthesia, i.e. numbness, tongue, lips, mucous membranes, if there was nerve damage.
The reason usually lies in the loss of the clot from the hole, infection occurs. And the wound can remain the root fragments, it is typical for the extraction of wisdom teeth. Provided that all recommendations are met, and you still see these symptoms, to consult a specialist immediate need.