When a drop of milk teeth in children: in how many years
Sooner or later every parent is faced with a situation when a drop of milk teeth in children. Most tolerate the change without any deviations from the norms of loss of dairy and eruption of permanent. Perhaps the lack of uncomfortable phenomena. To distract the child’s attention to adults tell stories about the fairy or other mythical characters. Parents, it is important during the change to observe a number of requirements for the care and hygiene of the oral cavity, and navigate in the approximate timing and sequence of deposition of the dairy group. Not always a physiological process of the first change takes place in the framework of the rules, so it is important to understand the causes of this phenomenon.
The order of tooth loss
In the year the child must be in the mouth 8 milk teeth. Roughly 3 years in the oral cavity should be 20. Time nights without sleep is finally over and you can forget about the hardships of teething up to a point. In the region of 4 years begin to erupt the first tooth of the permanent molars.
The process loss is being implemented gradually. Inside the bone starts a resorption of roots of deciduous, with simultaneous maturation and eruption of permanent. This happens over about 2 years. Physiological change can begin a little earlier or a little later normalized time. However, at the beginning of the loss of the dairy group significantly ahead of time, it is recommended to consult a dentist.
Table 1. The order of the teething and the terms of loss of milk teeth
|Name||The period of eruption (in polutropos period in months)||The beginning of resorption of roots||Time of loss (years)|
|The upper segment|
|Central incisor||8-12||With 5 years, within 24 months||6-7|
|Side cutter||9-13||6 years 24 months||7-8|
|Fang||16-22||In 8 years, within 3 years||10-12|
|The first molar||13-19||From 7 years to 3 years||9-11|
|The second molar||25-33||From 7 years to 3 years||10-12|
|The lower segment|
|Central incisor||6-10||With 5 years, within 24 months||6-7|
|Side cutter||10-16||6 years 24 months||7-8|
|Fang||17-23||In 8 years, within 3 years||9-12|
|The first molar||14-18||From 7 years to 3 years||9-11|
|The second molar||23-31||From 7 years to 3 years||10-12|
The General scheme of hair loss breast group 1-2-4-3-5. The scheme corresponds to the sequence: Central incisor — lateral incisor, and then there are the first chewable. Then replaced by fangs or can start to appear second molars.
To 5 years tremi increase to ensure uniform cutting of the permanent. If such a child is celebrated, it is important to see a doctor, the orthodontist, to prevent the development of anomalies. Time for a complete change of deciduous teeth can be realized within 5-8 years and depend on a number of factors.
Conditions affecting the process of loss of primary teeth in children:
- The composition and frequency of feeding of the child;
- The characteristics of the composition of water used for drinking and cooking;
- Chronic pathology of the body.
Often many parents are concerned whether all the baby teeth are changed at the root. The lower jaw of a child from birth grows down and forward. In the posterior part of the alveolar process formed additional space for the emergence of indigenous.
Rear group, represented by the permanent indigenous, consists of a small indigenous (premolars) and large indigenous (molars). Therefore replaced indigenous milk teeth to permanent, shows the rear group.
When changing milk teeth to permanent, there is a symmetry change. In the mouth it is manifested by the simultaneous loosening of the teeth of the same group. How many years have the oral cavity to be free from dairy teeth? Time, to what age children change very individual. To begin the process of change can with any of the jaw. Often faster freed the lower jaw.
Delayed replacement of teeth
How much milk teeth fall out, is determined roughly in the area of fourteen. Up to what age is considered a permissible deviation from the terms? Changing boundaries in one or two years is also relevant. If on reception at the dentist, marking what age the teeth change in a child, at the age of 16-17 years in the mouth there are dairy, it is recommended to undergo additional diagnostic possible hidden somatic pathology. Contribute to the violation of change of the number of factors. Factors that slow down the whole process of change:
- Child’s gender: girls are characterized by earlier initiation of replacement milk group compared to boys. In girls, the process starts at 6 years of age;
- Infectious diseases, transferred in early childhood;
- Genetic effects;
- Power supply: duration of breastfeeding, qualitative and quantitative composition of food and water;
- Morning sickness during pregnancy and other negative aspects that affect the growing fetus;
- Ecology and characteristics of the climate zone of residence;
- The defect of the endocrine system of the child;
- Not identified somatic pathology;
- Frequent stress and overwork;
- The formation of rickets;
- Deviations in the overall development.
The sudden loss of what to do
When you put your first milk teeth, parents should be aware of some rules for caring for the oral cavity. I do not eat and drink water for 2-3 hours. If the child feels itching, pain in the gums, refer to dentist. At the reception, the doctor will do an exam and, if necessary, will prescribe the gel relieves pain and inflammation in the gums. The child’s diet must be adjusted: excludes salty, smoked, spicy foods.
The hole cannot be touched neither tongue nor hands. Any contact with the formed space in the gums can lead to infection and development of inflammation. This may in turn give complications to the permanent tooth germ.
With incomplete resorption of the roots and loss of a deciduous tooth after the physical effort (solid food, removal of the tooth home) may be bleeding from the hole. It is important to keep the blood clot, promoting regeneration. Therefore, rinsing you can perform the next day. Use warm solutions of baking soda with a few drops of iodine or extracts of herbs (chamomile, sage, calendula). It is preferable to perform oral baths. These events are a way to prevent possible infections the microbial flora of the hole.
The appearance of the teeth prematurely
Milk teeth in a child provide the «spatial balance» in the mouth for prorezalsya subsequently permanent. It is important to ensure the preservation of dental tissue. If teeth milk group will start early, it can cause the development of pathology of the permanent. Factors when a drop of milk teeth in children ahead of time:
- Anomalies of teeth, the groups of dental arches: for example, if crowding pressure on each other;
- Tumor masses;
- Early removal of on the background infectious process in the apical area, which could damage the growing embryo of the permanent group.
When children have the loss of baby tooth is prematurely and starts the convergence of adjacent teeth to place the voids. Against this background, formed the germ of the permanent tooth in its time of eruption is not able to appear above the surface of the gums in the right place and be forced to deviate to the side. Thus formed anomalies of the permanent teeth.
When changing the teeth in children, parents should be as attentive to your child. Psychological tension, the uncomfortable phenomena in the oral cavity in children begin to manifest. Likely development and General symptoms of fever, swollen lymph nodes, pain when swallowing. Symptoms from the body systems appears very rarely, and often depends on the immune reactivity of the organism. Parents to stimulate the child’s adaptation to the process of change it is important to pay attention to the first sensations of perestroika in the oral cavity, for those moments when you start to fall out baby teeth. Fallen baby, it is recommended to save and hide under the pillow, leaving his fairy, or a toddler can together with parents to put in the bread and give it to the dog. Explain that these actions are the myth about the fortress permanent future. Ways to remove psychological tension of the child, when start to change milk quite a lot and everyone has to get their parents individually.
The timing when changing the milk teeth in children is very conditional. It is important to note the age at which drop dairy in a child. It is recommended to remember a specific sequence of how to change.
Sometimes changing milk group combined a number of problems. Svarkomplekt are formed or changed in shape (spiky shark). Best curve location, like breast and constituency. Shark teeth are represented by a pair of permanent Central incisors often located over the dairy. At loss of deciduous incisors, permanent gradually shifted, taking up the resulting gap. Perhaps also the absence of milk and permanent groups in my mouth.
The first thing that should alert parents is the lack of breast band in the mouth during the first three years of life. In such a situation it is necessary to carry out panoramic radiography to identify the impacted primary and permanent.
In the absence of what is often seen in genetic pathology, the question about making a doctor prosthodontist dentures child on the upper and lower jaw. The wearing of removable devices is carried out until reaching 25 years of age, not yet Mature bone tissue. After this period, the dentures are replaced with implants and non-removable set of prosthetic.
When a child at the age of 4-5 years, there has been no increase of the gaps between the teeth in preparation for the change, it is recommended to go to the doctor the orthodontist to prevent the development of pathology of the permanent teeth. The situation when a tooth falls out prematurely change for prevention of dentoalveolar anomalies it is necessary to address on reception to the doctor-orthopedist. The doctor will make a partial removable prosthesis with fixation on adjacent to the formed space teeth.
At the age of 18 years when the oral cavity should be filled with only the constant in the celebration of the breast unit, it is recommended to apply for an appointment with the doctor of the therapist. The doctor will conduct a clinical additional tests, likely revealing hidden somatic pathology. With the development of any abnormality of the oral cavity from the teeth, it is recommended to consult a doctor orthodontist.