When opening mouth jaw cracks: causes, treatment

Why some people in the mouth opening much crunches jaw? The thing in the front joint, which is daily subjected to stresses during chewing, talking, singing. It has the unique structure of the facial bones and muscles which are deprived of other representatives of the animal world. The lower jaw is able to move not only up and down but also sideways, to move forward. Such a structure enables not only to chew food but to speak, For this opportunity our mouth we have to pay for gradual deterioration of tissue, its diseases. But there are other causes of the crunch. Let us examine them in detail.

Causes of unusual sounds

There are several reasons why crunches jaw. Some of them are harmless and disappear on their own, others are an alarming symptom of the onset of the disease.

  1. Physiological feature of the growing organism. Manifested in adolescence, does not require treatment, eventually goes away;
  2. the constant stress on the joint. Most often seen in people who because of their professional activities have a lot to talk, sing (artists, public figures). Eliminated by reducing the load;
  3. reducing the number vnutripolostnoe liquid. This is often a consequence of surgery or infectious diseases of the jaw;
  4. intermittent sounds in the jaw may indicate a developing disease of the temporomandibular joint: rheumatism, arthritis;
  5. the trauma of the jaw, spasm of the facial muscles, weakened ligament, malocclusion, defective dental treatment.

Correctly identify the cause of a crunch in the mouth can specialist after the diagnosis.


If crunches jaw due to disease, lack of treatment will lead to deterioration and the appearance of new symptoms:

  • pain in the facial muscles;
  • difficulties during opening of the mouth;
  • headache;
  • noise in the ears.

The manifestation of such symptoms indicates the progression of the disease. You need to consult a doctor for appropriate treatment, because chronic disease is difficult to get rid of. Particularly alarming symptom is difficulty closing and opening the mouth, and pain when pressure is applied between the ear and cheek.

Addressing this problem doctor gatalog, but failing that you can contact the surgeon or the dentist.


The doctor conducts an external examination, asking questions about all of disturbing of the patient’s symptoms in detail:

  1. the volume of clicks;
  2. their duration;
  3. the presence of pain.

If the cause of the sounds detected in the treatment or prosthetic teeth of poor quality, the problem is eliminated.

Most often, diagnosis requires additional testing with MRI, x-ray, arthroscopy, or imaging.

What diseases can affect the joint

TMJ suffers from the same diseases as other joints in the human body. Osteoarthritis can be recognized by the crunch of the jaw. It can cause ear aches, joint and muscles. When opening a possible zigzag movement of the jaw. The dislocation can be characterized as a loss of normal position of the mandible relative to the top offset of the head and the disk in the joint. Ankylosis is a result of injury or infections. While there are sounds when opening the mouth movements are limited. Running form can make the face asymmetrical. Can also develop cavities, have a large radius of destruction, bite would be wrong, the jaw loses the ability to move.

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Arthritis can cause a rise in temperature, difficulty in moving the jaw. Chronic form reveals a distinctive crunch. If left untreated, the joint becomes deformed. Dysfunction of a joint characterized by pain and loss of motor function.

How to spot arthritis

The cartilage of the joint becomes inflamed. The progression of the disease leads to its atrophy. The initial stage is detected only when x-rays or MRI because symptoms no it does not. The first alarm bell that you should pay attention to numbness of the lower face. This usually happens in the morning after waking up. Following this come other symptoms: pain in jaw when chewing, crunching of the jaw. The disease occurs most often in people who already suffer from arthritis of other joints. Also, it can be the result of trauma or infection complications. In the treatment of traumatic form first of all struggle with edema, relieve the pain. The joint should be fixed to ensure the stationary state.

Is it possible to get rid of arthrosis

In the mouth opening much crunches jaw? This may be due to osteoarthritis. It provokes the degeneration of joint tissue. Except for the crunch, is characterized by aching pain, stiffness and limitation of jaw movements. The disease most often affects elderly people. It causes chronic arthritis, malocclusion, trauma and surgery, bruxism, improper installation of the seal or of the prosthesis, as well as some other factors, up to genetic predisposition. In the treatment of arthritis used massage, medical gymnastics, physiotherapy. Treatment of advanced forms can not do without orthopedic surgery (prosthesis). This is an extreme measure, before applying the doctor weighs the pros and cons. As preventive measures used in correction of malocclusion, treatment of diseases of the oral cavity, timely and only highly qualified specialists.

Sounds like the joint

The fact that the jaw is clicking, due to the structure of the facial bones. The temporomandibular joint is in front of the ear. It connects the lower and upper jaw, provides the opening and closing of the mouth. It works when speaking, chewing food, yawning. The symptoms of his illness, except for the clicking sounds and the crunch can be a headache (including head), tinnitus, numbness of the face. Among the causes of disease — overload of the masticatory system, stress. Illiterate installed bridges, crowns, fillings, dentures can also affect the health of the joint.

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What is the danger of a dislocated joint

This displacement of the joint in which it is impossible its normal functioning. Occurs due to a blow to the lower jaw, prosthesis or dental extraction. Sometimes there are cases of dislocation when chewing, yawning or talking. There are two forms. The first — usual. Manifests itself due to the fragility of the articular apparatus, its connections. Second — acute, or traumatic. The mainstay of treatment, the limitation, fixation of orthodontic design. Sometimes the need to use anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy.

How to deal with muscular-articular dysfunction

It is a violation of the functioning of the jaw joint, which is accompanied by cracking of the jaw, clicking, blocking traffic for a short time. Other manifestations: headache and ear pain in eyes and jaw, facial muscles, malocclusion. For the treatment are drugs that relieve muscle spasm, pain and anti-inflammatory drugs. Special design lock for occlusion correction. If teeth grinding or increased their abrasion therapy to eliminate these symptoms. If conventional methods fail, there is a need for surgical intervention in the joint.

General recommendations for treatment of TMJ

If after medical examination the doctor revealed any disease of the temporomandibular joint during treatment, you should follow some General rules:

  1. eat soft food which requires thorough chewing, such as mashed vegetables or fruit, soup;
  2. provide rest the jaw joint, to minimize the load on it, not to open widely your mouth;
  3. impose compresses. It should be done properly, in accordance with the specific situation, as they have different: warm relieve tension and cramps in the muscles, cold reduces pain;
  4. painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and antispasmodics;
  5. bite correction with the help of special designs. This will help to get rid of excessive compression of the jaws;
  6. physiotherapy, medical gymnastics (if possible).

In the absence of a favorable outcome after a course of treatment, the doctor is likely to take a decision on surgical intervention. In this case, a correction or joint replacement. After a period of rehabilitation the prosthesis is to cause inconvenience, opportunity will resume motion without extraneous sounds and pain.


The exercises must be approved by the doctor. After all, if there are contraindications, exercise can worsen the situation. Before using this method of treatment should be cleared of all pain. Prescribe physiotherapy to relax the muscles of the face. You can put a warm compress before class. Exercises are performed 3-4 times a day. The movements are smooth, without abrupt jumps.

  • To make 10 movements up and down the lower jaw, opening it to 3 cm Before performing the following exercises to relax a bit;
  • shift jaw to the right and to the left. Repeat 10 times in each direction;
  • with a little effort to put your chin with your hand. Overcoming the resistance, lower the lower jaw 10 times. Then, using the same principle, to push it forward. Also 10 times.
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Relaxation of the muscles in the gym in the complex therapy will help to get rid of the crunch.

Open surgery

What if all attempts to cure the disease fail? In this case, doctors go to extreme measures — carried out the operation. A place to access the joint in front of the ear or behind him. The point is to replace damaged sections of own tissue or artificial. After complete healing the sutures from surgery are practically invisible, have an aesthetic appearance.

Operations of this nature aims to launch tissue regeneration. They involve either the removal of some segment and restoration of the articular disc, or a full replacement. Often, surgery is the only possible way. These situations include trauma, inflammation, degenerative processes, impaired growth, developmental pathology, malignant neoplasms. The repeated loss of the joint or dislocation conduct laminectomia — removed the front of the articular tubercle.

Prosthesis and treatment of fractures of the temporomandibular joint

Depending on the complexity of the pathologies, are different types of operations. Condylectomy is performed by removing the head joint. It is used when severe destruction due to the inflammatory process, development of a tumor or previous operations. Condylectomy is required when complete loss of motility of the joint, fusion of bone ends, and as a result, the ankylosis. With surgery restores the joint space, then invest in it the necessary components (cartilage, or muscle), which ensures the separation of bone ends. If such events are possible due to the large complexity of the situation or severely damaged, the surgeon will insert an artificial prosthesis, which completely replaces the jaw joint. It is chosen individually by means of computer tomography.

Are particularly difficult surgery on a broken jaw. Earlier doctors used tires, which are superimposed on the long term. This method did not give the desired result. To treat a fracture of the modern way has become faster and more productive. Anatomical position is restored, then fixed with special screws. To use the joint immediately after surgery. The only disadvantage is the risk of damage to the facial nerve, therefore, sterilisation should only be highly qualified.