Essential hypertension: what is it?
To date, essential hypertension is widespread among the adult population. One in five people over the age of 30 has this diagnosis. Increased blood pressure can lead to serious and irreversible changes in the body, and sometimes the death of the patient. Therefore, each episode of pressure increase should be taken seriously. Treatment of this condition should begin as early as possible, because each subsequent attack of hypertension may be the last for the patient.
Essential (primary) hypertension. What is it?
This term unites a condition in which an adult increases blood pressure more than 140/90 mm Hg.St. twice in a row on different days. The specific factors and causes of this condition no. Given that this disease has no specific symptoms and characteristic laboratory and instrumental signs, diagnosis is exposed only if the possible hypertension caused by specific reason.
Types and forms of arterial hypertension
The nature of the flow distinguish between benign and malignant arterial hypertension. In the first case, blood pressure rises occasionally, complaints from the patient are virtually absent, the General condition is not broken, pressures can be easily reduced by the action of medicines. In the second case, the pressure rises sharply to high numbers, medical correction lends itself poorly, often affects the internal target organs (brain, heart, blood vessels, kidneys or eyes).
According to the severity of hypertension is divided into 1, 2 and 3 degrees. The easiest first degree – this increase in pressure above 140/90, the second is more than 160/100, and the third of more than 180/110. 1, 2 severity not manifested clinically, stage 3 is characterized by lesions of target organs, entailing certain clinical manifestations. 2 the degree is determined by instrumental examination (EKG, heart ultrasound, fundus examination, radiography). The factors contributing to the development of essential hypertension:
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- patient age (men over 55 and women over 65 years of age);
- alcohol abuse and Smoking;
- elevated levels of blood cholesterol or atherosclerosis;
- genetic predisposition (cases of hypertension in the family in the immediate family);
- pathologically overweight (obesity);
- physical inactivity (sedentary lifestyle);
- endocrine diseases (particularly diabetes);
- stress and mental strain;
- excessive consumption of salt or salty foods.
The symptoms of essential hypertension
Clinically, the disease manifests itself only in the third degree when the affected target organs. Symptoms, respectively, are associated with dysfunction of these organs.
Complications and consequences of essential hypertension: