Heart aches when pregnant: what to do?

Pregnancy is a time when a woman’s body rapidly, there are different changes. All expectant mothers like to listen to myself, so any unpleasant symptom can cause fear and anxiety. Many women who bears a child, from time to time there are various discomfort; some heart aches during pregnancy.

 

The norm

Such pain can be considered as a normal variant. Unpleasant feelings in a breast arise due to the increase in blood volume, growth of the uterus and body weight gain. In the last months of pregnancy the uterus rapidly with her growing fetus exerts pressure on the diaphragm, which constrains the lungs and the mediastinum. All of this leads to increased work of the heart and increasing the frequency of its contractions. Because of this, a woman may occasionally feel discomfort in left side of chest. The causes of pain in heart during pregnancy include:

  • a change in the weather;
  • overeating;
  • the emotional turmoil;
  • being in a stuffy room;
  • wearing tight clothing;
  • drinking coffee or energy drinks.

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Often heart pain in pregnant women provoked intercostal neuralgia. Pain syndrome increases with movement or breath, the blood pressure women beyond the normal limits. Neuralgia is without taking medication, however, if the woman has at least once felt the symptoms, she should consult a neurologist.

Heart pain during pregnancy can cause iron-deficiency anemia, common in most women who bears a child. Increased load on the heart combined with the lack of oxygen in the blood leads to hypoxia of the myocardium. The latter provokes tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), causing the woman suffering from a dull aching pain behind the breastbone. After normalization of hemoglobin level in the heart of pain pass.

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The disruption of the heart can occur due to toxicity with repeated episodes of vomiting. The cause of the heart pain in this case becomes a violation of water-electrolyte balance, provoked by the rapid loss of body fluids. The blood becomes thick, causing the heart needs more force to pump it. The result of the phenomenon of the ventricles and Atria are increasingly reduced, and in women there is an arrhythmia and pain in the left part of the chest. Severe toxicity requires immediate treatment, a heart condition should check with electrocardiography and ultrasound.

If the pain in the heart occurs often, notify your doctor who is pregnant. The patient will be sent to a cardiologist to clarify the reasons of an alarming symptom.

Pathology

Some pregnant women heart pain can be a sign of development of cardiomyopathy. This disease affects the patients who did not have any abnormalities of the heart. The reasons for the development of cardiomyopathy remain unclear, but doctors believe that a key factor in the development are autoimmune processes and the lack of adaptive abilities of the organism. The risk of cardiomyopathy is increased in women older than 35 years and those who have excess weight and high blood pressure.

Symptoms of cardiomyopathy in pregnant women include:

  • pressure and throbbing pain in the breast;
  • heart palpitations;
  • arrhythmia;
  • shortness of breath;
  • weakness;
  • swelling of the limbs.

Symptoms of the disease is growing rapidly, so the woman needed immediate medical help. Severe cardiomyopathy in the last months of pregnancy may cause a violation of placental blood flow, hypoxia, delay of rates of development of the fetus and premature birth.

Heart pain often occurs in pregnant women with congenital heart disease, for example, stenosis or mitral valve insufficiency, pathology of the aortic valve. Patients with such diagnoses throughout pregnancy must be supervised by a cardiologist. If necessary, can be assigned to drug treatment, allowing not only to alleviate the condition of women, but also to prevent serious consequences to the fetus. Such consequences include the violation of placental blood flow, delay the pace of fetal development, etc. heart disease a pregnant woman may be the indication for surgical delivery.

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What to do for pain?

If a pregnant woman with heart trouble, she needs to calm down and take a comfortable position. Tight clothing it is desirable to remove, and the room in which the woman is to ventilate. If the pain is accompanied by tachycardia, recommended to trigger the urge to vomit (two fingers to irritate the tongue root). Usually when the pain in heart is shown the reception Valokordin or Corvalolum, but during pregnancy is prohibited without the permission of the doctor to take any medications. However, if a woman has symptoms such as sudden blanching of the skin, dizziness, blackouts, tinnitus, nausea, numbness in the extremities, you should immediately call an ambulance. These symptoms may indicate the development of dangerous state — of myocardial ischemia.

To prevent heart pains during pregnancy, you need to:

  • To observe the regime of work and rest.
  • To limit the influence of stress.
  • To give up coffee and other drinks with caffeine.
  • To prevent inactivity. Pregnant fit these types of physical activity like swimming, yoga and Hiking.
  • To prevent rapid weight gain. To control body weight, you need to eat moderately and to give preference to fresh vegetables and fruits, dairy products and meat with low fat, nuts, grains and vegetable oils. To ensure the normal operation of the heart will help products such as peaches, apricots and dried fruits.
  • For early detection of certain disorders in the body women should regularly visit a doctor who is pregnant.