Whether disability after myocardial infarction?
Heart attack – acute disorder of the heart caused by the cessation of blood flow to the heart muscle. If it lasts more than 20 minutes, the affected area dies. Myocardial infarction, in fact, called the place of necrosis. The condition is accompanied by severe chest pains, dizziness, nausea – the patient inevitably gets to the hospital. The doctor prescribes the necessary treatment – medical or surgical.
Modern medicine in modern methods of treatment gives the chance to many patients diagnosed with myocardial infarction.
After a long rehabilitation course, the man returns to his former life – goes to work, performs household chores. But in practice more cases, when the patient is still not restored, the heart is now working «flat out», increased risk of re-strike.
After myocardial infarction, the patient is discharged 4 months sick leave. And if in the allotted period his condition was not stabilized, the doctor begins the preparation of documents for medical-labor expert Commission (VTEK). It will consider the feasibility of moving the patient to a disability of a particular group.
Not every heart attack «ends» by assigning groups of disability. The decision that a special Commission shall take into consideration the functional impairment that was left in a patient after treatment – the diagnosis in this case is not taken into account. But many patients are interested in obtaining disability group, because, due to illness, leave, losing his only source of income.
Group disability after myocardial infarction
A particular disability group give, on the basis of any violation in the work of the heart is left in a patient after therapy. The man whose work was associated with severe physical or emotional stress, chances of getting disability are much higher. But if the patient’s condition is «fit» to continue previous activities, the Commission may reject the petition.
The patient after a heart attack given one of three disability groups:
Despite being rated the band or not, the patient after myocardial infarction is not to engage in certain activities. Employers, after learning about the diagnosis, do not accept job applicants from «group of risk». Here belong the following working categories:
- transport managers;
- couriers and postmen;
- electricians and engineers.
Not allowed after suffering a stroke the night shift, work away from the settlements or the one associated with the use of toxic substances.
The assignment of patient disability
After 4 months of stay at the hospital the patient either returns to normal life (with some restrictions, of course) or starts the registration of disability.
The assignment of a disability is accompanied by monthly payments of benefits from the state Fund. Its size depends on the group.
MSEK, where are served all documents, work approved at the legislative level regulations. Strict rules sometimes make it difficult to obtain patient groups of disability. The experts of the Committee decide on the basis of the following criteria:
- education and profession of the patient;
- ability to perform duties;
- overall health.
First, the attending physician, taking into account the handed over analyses and tests, assesses the health of the patient, who suffered a deadly blow. And it is from this reference largely depends on the final verdict MSEK. Through the medical examination:
- sets the state of health of the patient;
- set limits to the loads;
- estimated capacity.
You need to understand that in its work the Commission is guided by clear orders and instructions of the Ministry of health. All patient data are issued in electronic form and sent for approval in Moscow. If the patient is dissatisfied with the decision of the Commission, he may appeal against it, demanding additional investigation.
To pursue it, the Commission needs to pass a decorated package of documents. You will need:
- the results of the medical examination, completed by the attending physician;
- medical card;
- the statement, filled in according to form.
The certificate of disability is valid for 1 year. Then the person should undergo a medical examination to re-gain group. Acknowledging a disability need not only to patients in whom a group of disability determined for life.
It so happens that over the years the patient according to the results of reexamination goes into another disability group – as it years, is deteriorating. Some state programmes in the field of medicine aims to avoid. For patients on disability after myocardial infarction are assigned to the preventive measures of treatment to prevent relapse, adaptation of victims, psychological support.