Bleeding gums: causes and treatment

Swelling and bleeding gums are symptoms of inflammatory diseases that affect mucous membranes, periodontal tissues and require dental treatment. Such symptoms are characteristic of gingivitis, periodontal disease and periodontitis. The intensity of clinical signs depends on the degree of severity of the disease.


What could be the reasons that are sore, bleeding gums and how it should be treated? Кровоточивость десен: причины и лечениеThe inflammatory process, which affects the marginal part of the gums and interdental papillae, called gingivitis. With poor oral hygiene, soft bacterial plaque gradually accumulates in the cervical region of the crowns is mineralised and transformed into solid stone. These deposits gradually deepen under the mucous membranes, causing inflammation.

Small blood vessels in damaged areas are easily injured, causing bleeding. At the initial stage of gingivitis this symptom appears during the cleaning of the teeth, if the disease progresses, even a simple touch to the mucous membranes can cause bleeding, pain.

Signs of gingivitis:

  • the accumulation of Tartar;
  • swelling of the outer part of the mucous membranes in a limited area;
  • redness or lividity of the gums;
  • bad breath;
  • bleeding gums during mechanical stimulation.

Without timely treatment, the acute stage, gingivitis becomes chronic. The indolent course of the disease with periods of exacerbations.

How to cure bleeding gums and reduce inflammation in gingivitis? Treatment should start with professional teeth cleaning. After eliminating the source of infection is the mouth rinse with antiseptic solutions: Hlorgeksidin, Chlorophyllin, Furatsilin.

Reduce inflammation therapeutic applications of gels, ointments on the affected area of the mucous membranes. Good result gives the gel from bleeding gums – Metrogyl Denta, Asepta, Holisal or Solcoseryl.

To improve blood circulation, mineral nutrition in the tissues of the alveolar process is possible by means of gum massage.

Gingivitis treatment folk remedies

Кровоточивость десен: причины и лечениеTo reduce bleeding gums and to eliminate the causes of inflammation will help to treatment folk remedies. For antiseptic rinse is used decoctions of medicinal herbs. Prepare such tools of sage, chamomile, calendula flowers, oak bark, St. John’s wort or mixed these plants.

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Herbs have anti-inflammatory, wound healing, astringent, anti-bacterial, mild analgesic properties. Therefore, regular rinsing of the inflamed gums with bleeding will help speed recovery, in addition, strengthen the local immunity, saturate tissues with beneficial vitamins and minerals.

Prepare folk herbal remedies from bleeding gums from dry harvested materials. For brewing you need to take one tablespoon of herbs pour 0.5 liters of warm water. The capacity of the decoction should be put on a slow fire, bring to boil, stand for another 15 minutes, then remove from the heat and wrap up. To insist tool must 2 hours. Rinse your mouth the filtered, warm solution 5-6 times a day.

What if much inflamed and bleeding gums what treatment folk remedies can be used? Hemostatic property has plantain. From its leaves squeeze the juice and RUB the mucous membranes. You can grind the grass to a pulp, apply it to the mucous membranes for 15-20 minutes.

What else can you do for bleeding gums? The juice of plantain can be mixed with a small amount of honey and gently massage movements rubbed into the gums. This procedure will increase blood circulation, oxygen supply to the periodontal tissues. Honey is a natural antioxidant, so will help eliminate harmful toxins.

Periodontal disease and periodontitis

Кровоточивость десен: причины и лечениеWhat causes the inflammation, bleeding gums, and what are the treatments? Similar symptoms arise in the development of periodontal disease or periodontitis. Is diseases affecting the tissues surrounding the tooth and the ligament that holds the tooth in the hole. One of the main causes of these ailments is also a bacterial solid stone.

Signs of periodontitis:

  • inflammation, swelling of the mucous membranes;
  • the pocket formation;
  • bleeding the irritation of the gums in one place;
  • the decrease in the volume of mucous membranes, appearance of gaps between teeth;
  • bad breath;
  • exposure necks of the teeth.
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These symptoms appear in the early stages of the disease. If not treated on time, periodontal pockets deepen, they are festering mass, there is pathological mobility of the teeth, increasing enamel sensitivity to hot, cold, exposed roots. The inflammatory process can extend to muscle, bone, lead to abscess formation, cellulitis, osteomyelitis.

As what you can treat bleeding gums with periodontitis? To begin therapy should visit a dentist. The doctor will remove the hard stone, wash the gum pockets. If the disease is not Кровоточивость десен: причины и лечениеneglected, such procedures will be sufficient for recovery. At home, the dentist will prescribed to do the antiseptic gargle Furacilinum or a solution of baking soda and salt.

Which tool helps with inflammation and bleeding gums? Effective use of pharmaceutical gels, ointments. Application of Metrogyl Denta, Asepta, Kamistad reduce swelling, pain, inflammation, inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.

In more advanced forms may need to conduct curettage of the pockets, holding the flap surgery, splinting of mobile teeth. In such cases, given oral antibiotics, antibacterial, analgesic drugs.

What you need to rinse your mouth with bleeding gums? Use mouthwashes that contain antiseptics, healing herbs extracts (Parodontax, President, Asepta). These drugs inhibit pathogens, protect teeth from tooth decay, freshen breath.

Treatment of periodontitis folk remedies

What treatment folk remedies helps to remove the causes of bleeding gums with periodontitis? It is useful to massage with honey with salt (2:1). The tool is rubbed into the affected mucous membranes morning and evening after brushing. Massaging the gums is possible with a soft toothbrush dipped in hydrogen peroxide or essential oil of peppermint, lemon, balsam fir, clove.

Important! Treatment of folk remedies inflammatory gum disease can only be performed in combination with traditional dental treatment by a periodontist. If you apply an anti-inflammatory agent without prior removal of Tartar, treatment will give only temporary results and will lead to chronic course of the disease.

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Кровоточивость десен: причины и лечениеBleeding and sore gums, how to treat periodontitis folk remedies? Useful products of beekeeping. Propolis is known for its antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal, wound-healing properties. It is used in the form of alcoholic tinctures. Prepare the means of 200 ml of vodka and 2 teaspoons of honey, insist 21 days in a dark place.

With periodontitis mucous membrane rubbed with gauze tampon moistened in the tincture of propolis. Doing this procedure 2-3 times a day.

It is impossible to apply treatment with essential oils, if there is suppuration from periodontal pockets. This will increase the swelling, as it is formed oily film, hindering the outflow of necrotic masses. But against bleeding, swelling of the gums, these funds have a positive effect.

Than it is possible to rinse for bleeding gums? Helps the use of pharmaceutical means of Rotokan. This alcohol tincture of herbs. Procedures do after brushing your teeth and eating.

Cause bleeding gums can several diseases, the reasons for their development can also vary. Therefore, for effective treatment, it is necessary to visit the dentist to remove Tartar. In combination with traditional methods of therapy are useful in folk remedies to use useful properties of plants to restore damaged mucous membranes.