Sores in the mouth on the mucous membrane: how and what to treat

Sometimes in the mouth appear painful, worse after drinking hot or acidic foods. On examination can detect lesions on the palate, gums, tongue or cheeks. Symptoms of stomatitis.

The disease is characterized by focal inflammatory processes in the mucosa of the mouth. Patient interested in the question of why there is a wound in your mouth and how to treat it?


  • Trauma to the oral mucosa.
  • A lowered immunity.
  • Infant and children’s age.
  • Diabetes.
  • Ранки во рту на слизистой: как и чем лечитьPregnancy.
  • HIV.
  • Failure to observe rules of personal hygiene.
  • Antibiotics, hormonal drugs.
  • Poorly chosen dentures.
  • Thermal or chemical burns.
  • Consumption of solid food (seeds, nuts).
  • The sharp edges of broken teeth.
  • Smoking.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • The presence of autoimmune diseases.
  • Viruses, fungi and bacteria.

Most often this disease occurs in children and babies. Babies chew on everything it gets under the arm, damaging the mucosa. In infants appears infection (thrush) from a mother’s breast milk, using pacifiers and bottles. How to treat wounds and mouth ulcers in children will be determined by a pediatrician or pediatric dentist.

Stomatitis may be accompanied by fever. Knock it if the indicators above 38 C. the Fever lasts 2 – 3 days, at severe stages to 10.

Stomatitis is a contagious disease. The route of transmission depends on the type and stage of the disease.

Distribution methods:

  • contact;
  • airborne;
  • sexual;
  • insect bites;
  • breast milk.

Stomatitis is a contagious disease. The route of transmission depends on the type and stage of the disease.


  • Ранки во рту на слизистой: как и чем лечитьAcute — the disease develops very rapidly and can be cured quickly. Typically, before the appearance of ulcers, the body temperature rises from 37 to 40 C.
  • Chronic – the disease is protracted, which is difficult to treat, in place of the scarred wounds. As a complication may develop leukoplakia (degenerative changes in the oral cavity in the form of keratinization).
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    In the case where the wounds are located only in a particular area, the disease carries different names:

    • glossitis – the appearance of ulcers on the tongue;
    • gingivitis – localized sores on the gums;
    • palantir – inflamed lesions on the sky.


  • Aphthous. Characterized by the appearance of the wounds with a touch of gray, education AFL (cell death of mucosal inflammation). As a result of complications can affect the salivary glands, the scars remain, to deform the mouth, develop lymphadenitis (inflammation of lymph nodes). The treatment lasts 1 – 2 weeks.
  • Catarrhal. Mouth formed a white spot, which then turns into a wound, there is pain during chewing, bad odor, increased salivation.
  • Traumatic. Associated with lesions of the oral cavity. Accompanied by swelling, redness, the wound is formed in the mouth on the mucous membrane, the treatment quickly gives the result. In the case of continuous traumatic exposure (sharp edges of teeth, braces, malocclusion) the disease passes in the chronic form.
  • Ранки во рту на слизистой: как и чем лечитьCandida (thrush) stomatitis cause the Candida fungi that live in the human oral cavity. But under the influence of some factors, their number increases dramatically and leads to the defeat of the tongue, gums, palate or cheeks. Produced wounds in the mouth with a whitish bloom, the treatment of which consists in antifungal agents. With a weak immune system of the sores appear on the larynx, pharynx, and esophagus.
  • Bacterial. This type of stomatitis are caused by viruses (herpes, Vesiculorus, enteroviruses) and bacteria (staphylococci and streptococci). There is an increase in body temperature, blisters, aphthae degenerating into weakness. Usually occurs on the background of other diseases: influenza, chickenpox, measles, rubella. Upon accession of infection appear pus, the patient’s state of health deteriorates greatly, you may develop sepsis.
  • Allergic. Occurs when contact with the allergen. This medicines, hygiene products or dental materials.
  • Ulcerative. The most severe form of stomatitis in which become inflamed and die the mucosa. Ulcers can very deeply affect the fabric. The treatment takes 8 to 10 days.
  • Dermatocosmetic. Affects the skin and oral mucosa. Cause disease oral lichen planus, psoriasis, pemphigus, lupus erythematosus, scleroderma.
  • With the appearance of symptoms of the disease, the deterioration of General health, discomfort during eating and talking should visit the dentist.

    After examination, the doctor will determine how to treat inflamed wound in the mouth. Remember that you shouldn’t take antibiotics! This can exacerbate the disease and lead to complications.

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    • Medical treatment consists of antibiotics, antiviral and antibacterial properties, astringent, healing and antifungal agents. The oral cavity is washed with antiseptic and neutralizing solutions. Antibiotics are prescribed for inflammatory infectious processes.
    • Traditional medicine. Herbal infusions of St. John’s wort, calendula, chamomile, oak bark, sage, propolis, eucalyptus help relieve inflammation and accelerate tissue healing.

    To treat stomatitis it should be comprehensively. Medications and vitamins that rinse the mouth combine with the transition to a softer, non-irritating food. Must be drinking plenty of fluids. On average the treatment lasts from 7 to 14 days.


    To avoid Contracting the sores need to strengthen the immune system, maintain oral hygiene, do not use the same dishes, with the patients in time to treat teeth. It is much easier to prevent the disease than to treat sores in the mouth. Pay attention to the ingredients of toothpaste and mouthwash. Some components may cause irritation and allergic reactions.