If you are allergic rhinitis: what can be complications?
Hello, dear readers! If you are allergic rhinitis is a very insidious and dangerous symptom, especially for a child. Because it can cause complications such as sinusitis, adenoiditis, sinusitis, chronic nasal congestion, etc.
Want to protect your children and yourself from such effects? Then you should know why there is how to develop and how to treat a runny nose resulting from allergic attack. Details you will find in this article.
Features of allergic rhinitis
Statistics says that in Russia rhinitis on the basis of intolerance hurts 20% of the population. Among these 20% most of — a allergies-children.
Rhinitis refers to immediate hypersensitivity reactions, and thus occurs immediately or almost immediately after contact with the irritant. This symptom is accompanied by the following allergies:
- hay fever — pollen intolerance;
- intolerance to wool, skin, saliva of animals;
- intolerance of fragrances and household chemicals;
- drug hypersensitivity;
- food allergies.
Detail all the above types of hypersensitivity you can learn from the articles. But now, let’s see the symptoms of rhinitis on the basis of intolerance.
Remember that early detection of the disease greatly simplifies the treatment. So do not ignore the signals your body, which self-report violations of health!
What is allergic rhinitis?
The symptoms of this decline are hard to miss:
- paroxysmal or constant sneezing;
- excessive lacrimation, conjunctivitis;
- difficulty breathing nose, snorting and snoring during sleep;
- itching in the nasal cavity, mouth, near nose;
- the symptoms are worse in the evening.
How do you know which rhinitis — allergic or infectious? It’s simple: it is enough to know that the first of the above symptoms occur immediately in the full set and the second gradually increasing. Sometimes with allergic rhinitis have a cough, but it is not obligatory companion of the disease.
Appearance of allergies suffering from rhinitis
An Allergy with a runny nose visible from afar. The nose swells, is red, «is filled». Eyes are constantly wet, tired, sore. The person tries to breathe through the mouth, constantly sniffs and sneezes, and complains of headache and weakness.
Sometimes, too, the face swells, gets tired. Under the eyes can appear noticeable dark circles or «bags». In allergic rhinitis a person unwittingly rubs the tip of the nose, and often without knowing it.
Who is susceptible to rhinitis on the basis of intolerance
The above disease makes itself felt mostly in childhood or adolescence. The child it appears spontaneously, which parents often confuse it with a cold. Runny nose allergic nature has three degrees:
- easy — if not disrupts sleep and reduces activity in the daytime;
- average — if slightly lost efficiency and a little disturbed sleep;
- heavy — if you have allergies suffering from rhinitis day and night, can’t sleep and isnegative.
If symptoms appear only in spring and summer, this seasonal rhinitis. Could provoke an unraveling of the immune system of a child or adult.
In infants runny nose on the grounds of intolerance can happen at the first feeding or during breastfeeding, if the mother eat potentially allergenic foods. In addition, infant allergies are often the result of poor child nutrition.
If a stuffy nose, urgently address to the allergist!
People who noticed the runny nose almost always think it’s cold. To cure it, they buy vasoconstrictor nose drops. Of course, the medication does not help them, because it has antihistaminic abilities.
Begins: one bottle over the evening, bought a second, second over, everything repeats. In the end, a nasal spray is a drug, without which the ill can’t do.
Such medications do cause serious addiction! You need to use them only as directed by your doctor and long!
If there was a cold, contact the doctor. Visit the allergist, who with the help of allergodil (local and blood) will determine a diagnosis and a substance that has provoked a negative reaction.
Then he will prescribe antiallergic therapy tailored to your individual characteristics and needs.
Principles of treatment of allergic rhinitis
Despite the fact that the local symptom, its treatment need to take antihistamines inside. We are talking about tablets such as Suprastin, Diazolin, Zyrtec, Zodak. In addition, allergies and prescribed drops-corticosteroids:
- To lower blood pressure mother;
Use of such serious medication? Detailed instructions are available on this site.
Vasoconstrictive drops for the nose is also useful, but do not abuse them!
It is better to use folk remedies, for example, Kalanchoe juice. This medicinal plant has powerful narrowing vessels effect, so quickly relieves the swelling.
- avoid contact with the irritant;
- often put in living rooms;
- if the runny nose caused by Pets, then abandon them, if possible, or assign the care to someone else;
- if you have an intolerance to pollen, be careful in the spring and summer — not to go out and not ventilate the house to dinner in dry windy weather.
To reduce the severity of allergic rhinitis will help special «hardening» therapy, in which the allergic person is gradually accustomed to the stimulus.
To carry out such «hardening» need to be done annually for a couple of weeks before threat of the season. Reviews Allergy sufferers about this treatment positive. It saves you from rhinitis 100% of patients.
I hope the article was interesting and informative. Tell us about the read friends in social networks as the common cold on the basis of hypersensitivity can happen at any time every. Also don’t forget to sign up for site updates. Up to new meetings!
The author: Elena Smirnova (dermatologist)