But ovarian cyst: how to treat, causes, prevention
As a result of hormonal imbalance may occur multichamber cyst of the ovary. The result of such changes is cavity formation, which consists of several partitions. The cystic nature of the tumor is fluid-filled and is a serious threat to women.
Why is an ovarian cyst?
In most cases, the diagnosis of cyst of the left ovary or right I hear women of childbearing age. Sometimes this pathology occurs among the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity who are over 50.
The causes that trigger the formation of cysts:
- variations in hormonal – failure in the menstrual cycle;
- violation of hormone levels during a cycle is manifested by ovarian cyst luteum in the second phase, when relatively high levels of progesterone;
- the inflammatory phenomena occurring in the reproductive organs of the female, the consequence can be a multichamber cyst of the ovary;
- abnormal embryonic development, which entail various defects in the genitals;
- early sexual debut, abortion;
- the effects of different operations (you may receive a retention cyst);
- endocrine disorders;
- pregnancy it was during this period that many women prone to the appearance of functional ovarian cysts;
- neglected diseases of the sexual sphere, which are not treated.
All of the above reasons can have both a direct and indirect effect on the appearance of the cyst of the right or left ovary. But it should be understood that in some cases this is facilitated by the mechanical factor.
Determining the cause of cystic formations of the process is important, because in this situation, it is possible etiotropic treatment that is most effective. To accurately study the tumor and to understand the cause, appointed by ultrasound.
Symptoms if the cyst Multicam
Symptoms of this disease are special circumstances and do not have its symptoms resemble absolutely other disease of the reproductive system in women. Also for indicators of affliction the result of hormonal symptoms cysts.
Symptoms are usually as follows:
With the existence of a cyst of the right or left ovary symptoms can be pronounced. This usually indicates produced in the body complication.
In some situations the cyst can not be produced from the tissues of the ovary, and from the surrounding organs. This type of cyst is called pravarasena. The important point in the diagnosis and treatment is the fact that there are no sorts of connection with the ovary.
Diagnostic measures in determining the cysts in the ovary
In order not to overlook complications with the appearance of a tumor, it is necessary to conduct detailed diagnostics. If there are obvious preconditions and suspicion of the presence of education in the region of the ovaries, is assigned a mandatory study, the purpose of which is as follows:
- to detect the tumor;
- identify the extent and probable complications;
- to prevent complications and the possibility of converting the cyst to a malignant tumor.
So the diagnosis was more accurate, such research is done, like ultrasound and examination of the vagina and is performed to establish the level of hormones in the blood. Along with this definitely seems to blood for detection of tumor markers.
In a serious and neglected situations shows the additional computed tomography. Ultrasound may not always give a full picture of what is happening in the body.
The danger and possible complications of ovarian cysts
A cyst of the right or left ovary is one-, two — or multi-chamber. The most unsafe and unpredictable acts multichamber cyst of the right ovary or the left, which can not degenerate into a benign tumor.
It is understood that the cyst is not every time jeopardizes women’s health. To determine risk category and know how much will take time for the necessary treatment, it is necessary to do histological examination. Analysis of the histology in the surgical intervention will give the opportunity to see the clinical picture completely. And timely conduct of such studies will help to define the concept and volume of treatment.
Possible complications of the disease:
- cyst rupture;
- suppurative processes in the cyst;
- abscess of right or left ovary;
Every occurrence of complications implies an increased threat to the future health of the patient. If there is cyst rupture, the patient may experience these symptoms:
Purulent cyst localizations right or left appendage is peculiar to such factors as temperature rise, sharp paroxysmal pain, General weakness, increase of leukocytes in the blood.
Principles of treatment
To determine the optimal treatment multichamber cyst of the right or left ovary have a qualified doctor. Starting from the results of tests and inspection, the specialist will prepare the conclusion and give recommendation for appointment. To finally make a decision and determine the tactics of treatment, taken into account the following information:
- the results of the ultrasound;
- age of the patient;
- classification of education;
- the results of the blood tests.
Any treatment involves conservative, surgical or puncture method. In the first case, successfully applied:
If the detected multi-a cyst on the ovary, treatment is determined based on the age characteristics of the patient, individual criteria and the reasons that influenced the formation of a tumor.
Surgery is indicated for women with cystic phenomena, which have a size more than 10 cm To surgical intervention, the specialists are forced to resort if the previous methods have not yielded results. Also, this method of treatment is inevitable in the acute process, where there is bleeding, torsion of the cyst or extinction of the right or left ovary.
When selecting the technique of surgical treatment of the main factors are:
- the General condition of the patient;
- possible complications;
- the condition and size of tumors;
- opportunities and equipping clinics.
Often in these situations, laparoscopy is used. This method is less traumatic and fraught with minimal complications, and the rehabilitation period is relatively short.
Drug treatment of entities includes:
Very often medical and surgical methods are used together.
Prevention of the disease
Prevention cyst of the left or right ovary suggests that a positive attitude and a heightened emotional state. It is important to monitor hormonal level, use homeopathy or herbal remedy. Special attention deserves the diet. It is advisable to eat more plant foods, and foods rich in vitamins A and E.
Active lifestyle, adherence of the day, proper rest and sleep are the basic factors that affect human health. To avoid problems, it is not recommended to get involved in a Solarium, and a long stay under the sun. And the most important rule for women in any age – have regular visits at the gynecologist.