Than to treat a child’s cough from mucus: what drugs are used
What to do if your child has a cough from mucus?
Coughing is a response of the organism to respiratory irritation. Using forced vanities the mucosa is cleaned of dust, pathogenic strains, foreign bodies. the Oxygen can be differentiated as a natural opposition to aggressive external sources, or a signal of serious pathological changes.
One of the factors of irritation of the larynx is the expiration aconselho secret through the nasopharynx. What is the specificity of the disease, no therapeutic measures requires a solution?
Can a child coughing because of the snot?
Activation of protective forces of an organism is characterized by the production of copious amounts of Muco-serous discharge.
Depending on the situation, snot come out through the pneumatic channels or cover the nasal cavity, the pharyngeal ring and the posterior wall of the larynx. Violation of output liquid called the posterior rhinitis or nasopharyngitis.
On the background of the disease develop the following deviations:
- mild rhinitis;
- the cough, the intensity of which increases during the night;
- increased body temperature;
- itching, tingling in the nose and throat.
Auscultation breath sounds are clear and smooth, extraneous grunts and noises not listening.
The forced exhalations aktiviziruyutsya when the patient is in a horizontal position. Accumulated mucus passes through the upper part of the throat, irritating cough center, emetic receptors.
Unproductive reflex breaths is often confused with the wet but actually the baby is not coughing up the phlegm, and the accumulated nasal mucus. This explains why child coughs from the nozzle when asleep.
The main reasons
Profuse discharge and accumulation of mucus associated with the following factors:
- anatomical changes of bone and cartilage of the nose;
- infection respiratory tract pathogens;
- exposure to antigens (allergic rhinitis);
- localization of benign tumors (polyps, adenoids);
- a violation of the regulation of the tonus of blood vessels (vasomotor rhinitis).
The root causes of rhinovirus infection (identical to the name of rhinopharyngitis) can be a problem with the digestive tract. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, pancreas, gall bladder walls affects the upper GI tract – throat and nasopharynx.
Prolonged irritation of the inner shell provokes chronic inflammation, increased production of viscous secretion, as a result, the development of unproductive cough.
For reference! When the nozzle at the rear of the infants gain weight poorly. The reason is that babies cannot fully consume the mother’s milk because they have systematically interrupt the process of sucking to take a few breaths through the mouth.
Predisposing factors of acute nasopharyngitis is hypothermia, a condition of immunosuppression, the lack of enrichment of vitamins.
Coughing because of the snot in the child occurs due to the concentration of the foreign body in the paranasal sinuses. Reflex will occur until it has addressed the contact with the allergen.
How to treat a child’s cough from mucus
Prior to the preparation of medical scheme doctor identificeret a source of annoyance using visual examination, instrumental methods of examination – rhinoscopy.
Therapy of pathological changes aimed at relief of sources of infection, normalization of natural breathing, the restoration of soft tissues. The clinical picture when, after a mucus cough, requires early treatment because there is a high risk of developing pneumonia.
Emergency treatment and preventive measures based on changing environmental conditions in the room. For this purpose, use the climatic conditioning unit, the increase of humidity and air ionization.
Indoors it is necessary to maintain the microclimate at the level of 50-60%. If no humidifier, you can hang on battery wet towels. It is necessary to ventilate the room, especially before bedtime.
The baby needs to sleep on the bed with a high headboard. To create lift you can use a pillow under the mattress. Such manipulations can prevent the leaking of mucus in the middle ear. Miconazole secret drains into the throat to be swallowed without affecting the cough center.
Lavage of the sinuses
Cleansing of the paranasal sinuses is performed in the home, allowed children of any age. Patients to year the procedure is performed in the supine position with a pillow under my head.
Is instilled into each nostril 1-2 drops of saline or slightly concentrated saline (for 1 l water 1 tsp salt). After 1-2 minutes, the crust becomes soft, easy to remove with a cotton, gauze bundles.
Hygiene of the nasal cavities in babies older than one year is carried out while standing over the sink, head in a horizontal position. With the help of a medical pear, aspirator or syringe without a needle the solution is injected into one nostril.
With proper manipulation of the fluid flowing freely out of the opposite hole. Alternately irrigate two channels.
Fact! Cleansing the sinuses with saline improves absorption of medicinal components.
To safe medicines the treatment of rhinitis include pharmacy-based tools isotonic water with impurities of useful microelements (zinc, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chlorine, sodium). Widespread in ENT practice received the «Akvamaris», «Humer», «Otrivine».
The therapeutic task is to normalize the natural breathing through the nose, to reduce the amount produced of secretions, swelling of the mucous. To achieve positive dynamics is possible in the complex treatment of drugs of different pharmaceutical groups.
Funds for emergency assistance submitted by sympathomimetics. They act on receptors, causing a reduction in blood vessels, swelling of the paranasal sinuses, contribute to the restoration of the drainage function.
The presence in the composition of moisturizing ingredients provides the elimination of the dryness of the epithelium. Drug effect is 10 minutes after the irrigation is maintained for up to 8 hours.
Medicines of the local application is not defined in the plasma as absorbed in minimal quantities.
In Pediatrics assign «Otrivin», «Nazivin», «Britain» in cases of urgent need a short course of up to 5 days.
Haphazard admission nasal drops increases the risk of tahifilaksii (addiction medicine). Single and daily dose determined by the doctor considering the patient’s age, medical history and severity of pathology.
Snot an allergic etiology are treated with antihistamines. Group of medicines also used for rhinitis are viral in nature. Actions of H1 blockers is aimed to reduce intoxication by the waste products of infectious agents.
When choosing drops the doctor is guided by physiological characteristics of the patient individual intolerance of separate components. Effectiveness in treatment has proved «Suprastin», «claritin», «Zyrtec».
The course varies from 5 to 10 days.
Important! A contributing factor of recovery is limiting contact with an irritant (dust, dander, household chemicals, reactive substances, spores of plants).
The restoration of the upper respiratory tract with viral diseases requires antibacterial medications. Used in the treatment and prevention of infection «the», «Grippferon», «Interferon».
Nasal funds are characterized by direct action on the viruses of group A and b, by inhibiting the synthesis of pathogenic agents. The basic composition of drugs submitted by interferon – a protein that has identical structure to the compounds produced by the organism during the immune response.
Antibacterial sprays are active in the first days of defeat, because their action is limited to the extracellular level. Therefore, assigned to a short course of up to 3-4 days with the manifestation of the first symptoms.
Indications for the appointment is the rhinitis of bacterial origin, chronic rhinitis, rehabilitation period after surgery.
To antibiotics of local action is referred «Isopro», «Bioparox», «Polideksa». For instillation into the nasal cavity using «Framizetin», «Novoimanin», «Neomycin».
The choice of specific medication is based on the sensitivity of pathogenic strains to the ingredients. Therapeutic pharmacodynamics is the inhibition of biological synthesis of bacterial cells, decrease the permeability of the cytoplasmic membrane.
Treatment regimen and dosage determined by the physician.
Fact! For irrigation of the nasal passages of children under 2 years are recommended to use drops. Spray of drug particles by means of spray is under pressure, which increases the risk of damage to the Eustachian tube.
What to do if your child has a cough from mucus? Doctors recommend to deal with pathological changes via the pharmaceutical products of plant origin. To stop education myconazole of the secret that will help funds on the basis of fir and eucalyptus oil.
They can be instilled into the nasal channels, processing the mucosa with a cotton disks soaked in essential oils for inhalation in combination with saline or mineral water «Borjomi», «Essentuki».
A dry cough from the nozzle by the anatomical integrity of the bone, deviated septum, adenoiditis, is solved surgically. The operation provides restoration of patency of the pneumatic cavities, the normalization of nasal breathing.
This is particularly important for kids who have development of bone structures of the facial Department of the dental system are interrelated by the ability to breathe through the nose.
The preceding factors of dripping of mucus in the nasopharynx in a child can be the causes of exogenous and endogenous nature. Cough after the runny nose, which is amplified in the supine position, requires the determination of the causes. From catalysts for the development of the disease depends on the complex treatment.