Osteoarthritis bootastic joints

Bhoothnath arthrosis of the joints (facet arthropathy) is a fairly common disease, which is localized in the spine and leads to thinning of joint tissues, and subsequent deformation and destruction of the joints themselves. Bootnote, or facet, joints ensures our spine mobility. They are between the articular processes of the vertebrae, so the arthritis not only leads to pain (often very painful) in the back, but limits the functionality of the spine.Артроз дугоотросчатых суставов


The reasons for the development of pathology

Bootnote joints are depleted and deformed with age, it happens in all people without exception. These processes are driven by physiological age-related changes in our body and usually begin after the age of forty. However, the wear and tear of the joints directly because the aging occurs extremely slowly. However, there are a number of factors that have a precipitating effect on the development of arthrosis even at a young age. The main factor is a variety of small abnormalities of the skeleton, for example, fusion of vertebrae, asymmetrical arrangement of the processes or the splitting of vertebral arches. Such anomalies are quite common, and most people are not even aware about their presence. To detect them can be made for any reason, radiography of the spine.

There are still the following factors:

  • Various microtraumas and excessive loading of the spine (physical labor with a large load, sports load, overweight, prolonged forced sedentary position, etc.).
  • Excessive mobility of the lumbar vertebrae, allowing him to easily shift relative to the lower vertebra forward or backward.
  • Pathology metabolic and endocrine diseases that cause malnutrition of the joints, with subsequent degeneration of cartilage.
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    In the case of constant exposure to these trigger factors bootnote joints gradually change. When this cartilage begins to lose elasticity. There is a gradual denudation of the articular surfaces. Pathology begins to affect the joint capsule and adjacent bones, affects the surrounding muscles and ligaments, and the bones can begin education spinous outgrowths.

    Comprehensive changes indicate the onset of osteoarthritis.


    Symptoms

    The main symptom of pathology is pain, the localization of which corresponds to what parts of the spine affected by osteoarthritis. Most often osteoarthritis affects bootnote joints in the cervical spine.Артроз дугоотросчатых суставов

    Period Symptoms
    In the initial period occurs occasionally nagging pain in the neck, which usually progresses to the end of the day. If a little relaxation and rest, the pain markedly reduce their intensity, and often disappear completely for a while. However, you should not even obtain a lot of strain and back pain.
    After some time, you may experience problems with head rotation or tilt. This is particularly evident after awakening (morning stiffness).
    When the disease enters the later stage, begin to form spinous processes, which cause characteristic crunch when any movement of the head. Apparent progressive reduction in the amplitude of movements of the neck, but is sometimes observed and a complete fixation of the head in one position. The pain becomes permanent and is reinforced under the load or under the action of meteorological factors.

    Somewhat less often osteoarthritis affects the facet joints of the lumbar vertebrae. Its first manifestation be pain that occurs after prolonged sitting. After a while the back starts to ache constantly, and flexion and extension are beginning to cause problems.

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    Given the pathology almost never affects the thoracic, but when, in extremely rare cases this happens, it is all the same pains.

    Артроз дугоотросчатых суставов


    Diagnosis and treatment of facet arthropathy

    To assume a diagnosis of spondylosis can already during the first inspection, which will determine the range of motion of the spine and considered the totality of the patient’s complaints and objective symptoms. To confirm a diagnosis very easily, it’s enough to hold the x-ray of the spine, and, if necessary, CT or MRI.

    After the diagnosis is determined, the doctor will prescribe the adequate treatment. It must be remembered that the treatment should be exclusively doctor. Self-treatment is not recommended. A set of remedial measures should be chosen depending on the stage of the disease, its stage and severity of signs. Treatment is always assigned in the complex, which combines pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach.

    In the treatment of spondylosis uses the same drugs as for treatment of all other arthritis. This group of painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cartilage protectors, and in case of advanced disease can be prescribed hormones. The duration and dosage determined by the physician.

    Mandatory component of the treatment are and such non-drug methods. This is physical therapy, physical therapy and massage. Not using these methods, it is practically impossible to improve the patient’s condition and prevent progression of diseases in the future.

    You must try to eliminate provoking factors of osteoarthritis, which requires some changes in lifestyle, to start to move more, fight obesity and to prevent excessive stress.