Psoriatic arthritis: treatment and nature of the disease

Barely hearing the diagnosis of «psoriatic arthritis», people can panic. This is due to the fact that ordinary people know nothing about the disease. Quick and effective treatment of psoriatic arthritis is only possible in situations where the patient is aware of the peculiarities and dangers of the course of disease, causes and methods of recognition of its characteristic symptoms.

Псориатический артрит: лечение и сущность заболевания

Contortion and wounds are typical manifestations of the disease


The essence of the disease and its causes

Psoriatic arthritis is a special pathological type of joint damage caused by inflammation. He may appear in those suffering with psoriasis, regardless of their gender. Most often, psoriatic arthritis occurs in people between the ages of 20 and 50 years and may strike even a child.

The first cause of the disease is psoriasis. Both the development and exacerbation of this disease can trigger infectious ailments. These include such diseases:

  • tonsillitis caused by the Streptococcus;
  • chickenpox;
  • shingles;
  • Acute respiratory infections and scarlet fever.

It is very difficult to detect a single pathogen, usually present in the complex. The reason for the pathology of the joints may be injury.

Псориатический артрит: лечение и сущность заболевания

Skin disease is directly related to the strong tension of the nervous system, depression, stress. The man who was sick of psoriasis, has disturbances in thermoregulation and sweating. He has irritability. Disturbed metabolic processes involving protein, uglevodov and lepidoderma substances. Begins to develop psoriatic arthritis.

The disease progresses gradually, manifesting itself in an acute form. Develop inflammation of bone tissue. Inflammatory processes in synovial membranes lead to the expansion of blood vessels, resulting in a region of the affected organ are formed of a tumor. After exposure of leukocytes into the affected area inflammation and pain become stronger.

Causes of psoriatic arthritis is considered to be a predisposition, inherited, disruptions in the body’s immune system with autoimmune in nature.


Varieties of psoriatic arthritis

Medicine there are several types of reporting of the disease. Each of them has its symptoms and signs.

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  • Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis. Can affect the ankle, elbow and knee joints. Symptoms: swelling of the affected joints, impaired functionality.
  • Symmetric psoriatic arthritis. The inflammatory process involves one or more joints.
  • Псориатический артрит: лечение и сущность заболеванияDeforming arthritis with psoriatic disease. Leads to the development of irreversible processes in the joints of the fingers and toes.
  • Quite often in patients suffering from psoriasis, there may be several types of psoriatic arthritis. Isolated juvenile type of the disease, which often occurs in children.

    Identify the following stages of a course of psoriatic arthritis:

    • a mild form;
    • the average degree of severity;
    • severe form;

    It is also possible for a malignant disease. This form of psoriatic arthritis is very difficult to treat and may be accompanied by erythroderma.


    The symptoms of the disease and its diagnosis

    About the presence of psoriatic arthritis can testify of the lesion and pastorology interphalangeal joints of the hands. The progression of the disease can lead to ankylosis, i.e., immobility of the joints. The same symptoms can be observed in the lesion of psoriatic arthritis of the joints of the toes. In this case also be swollen and red skin.

    Псориатический артрит: лечение и сущность заболевания

    Swelling and bumps — the first sign of joint disease

    Main symptoms:

    • the fingers are shorter;
    • the curvature of the fingers and toes;
    • fusion of the joint surfaces, which leads to immobility.

    These manifestations can wear chaotic, asymmetrical. On one hand fingers can not bend, on the other they do not want to stretch, the axis of the fingers can be displaced.

    A major role in the delivery of the diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis is the physical examination and the presence of characteristic symptoms: joint pain, skin lesions and nails. Studies conducted in the laboratory, can not help in the diagnosis, as is often the blood counts are normal. During exacerbation of the disease may increase the levels of ESR. There must be an x-ray examination, after which it will be possible to make an accurate diagnosis.

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    Signs of psoriatic arthritis are:

    • the lack of osteoporosis;
    • the presence of joint damage;
    • tissue damage bone;
    • the accretion of the bone joint;
    • deformation of joints and bones.

    In addition to these signs, be aware of the psoriatic lesions, skin lesions and nails.


    Treatments

    How to treat psoriatic arthritis? You need to apply an integrated approach. Treatment can be divided into two types: traditional and using folk remedies. When traditional therapies are used medicines and curative methods that may have an impact not only on the joints but on the skin affected by the disease. Treatment of psoriatic arthritis, which is not accompanied by an inflammatory process may be carried out with the help of non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs. But if their use has no effect, you must assign corticosteroid therapy.

    Псориатический артрит: лечение и сущность заболевания

    To treat psoriatic arthritis, and using the complex of medical gymnastics. Among the traditional methods — mineral water therapy and physiotherapy. In the presence of this disease is used the paraffin application on the affected joints direct ultrasound with hydrocortisone. Very good help for psoriatic arthritis bath of radon or hydrogen sulfide.

    Sometimes the disease leads to the fact that the joints are strongly deformed and loses its ability to function, and the process of inflammation fails to relieve, using conservative, that is, traditional treatment. In this case, surgical intervention. Use the same types of operations as in rheumatoid arthritis, but the results are not so good and durable.

    Effectively treat psoriatic arthritis by natural means, which can prolong remission. You need to take the herb cinquefoil at the rate of 30 g per half a liter of vodka and infuse for two weeks. Ingest 1 tsp. before meals three times a day. Pain and swelling of the joints reduced for 14 days.

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    The following recipe will help to eliminate a tumor that arose when psoriatic arthritis struck joints. Parsley root, passed through a meat grinder, pour 2 cups of boiling water. Infuse for 12 hours. Strain and add lemon juice. Taken three times a day for 70


    Important diet and lifestyle

    Diet for psoriatic arthritis plays a significant role. During exacerbation of the disease should reduce the intake of sugar and sweets. Diet is to limit the consumption of proteins and fats, reducing the number of drink fluids to 1 liter a day.

    Food should be prepared without salt. Diet implies that the food is prepared either steamed or on the water. Products must provide the body with vitamins C, e, calcium, potassium. Useful dairy products, berries, fruits. During exacerbation of the disease the diet should not be too hard. Just should not eat foods that can act as an allergen, to reduce the consumption of spices, marinades and food additives.

    Need to lead an active lifestyle, you should do exercises, to move more. Should completely refrain from alcoholic beverages, otherwise the treatment will not give the desired effect. If possible, the patient should practice swimming or water aerobics.

    Prevention of psoriasis and related diseases does not exist. All the doctor can recommend to improve health, support your immune system, eat right, maintain physical activity.