Rheumatoid arthritis in children: causes, treatment, symptoms
To date, failed to fully identify the causes rheumatoid arthritis in children. It is assumed that the primary role played by the hereditary factor. However, the reason rheumatoid arthritis in children there may be bacterial or viral infection.
Infectious processes caused by a failure informative of the immune system, which appears rheumatoid (uvenilny) arthritis in children.
Early diagnosis of the disease
In the early diagnosis of arthritis in children the primary role of the parents. Observing physical condition of the child, you should closely monitor his behavior. As you know, during mobile games is the development of motor function of the hands and feet. If you notice that during the game the child makes a gentle motion with your hand or limping on one foot, you should sound the alarm. These figures are an uncomfortable condition of the child can be the first signs of rheumatoid arthritis.
Older children may complain about their condition. If the child is small and cannot explain what’s bothering him, it is necessary to conduct a visual inspection. If redness or swelling in the joint parts of the limbs, and pain while touching the leg or arm you should immediately consult a doctor. This must be done in any case, even if there is confidence in the absence of obvious signs of injury to the extremities.
Very important in the early stages of the disease the correct diagnosis and determining the cause of the disease. Pathological processes changes in the immune system happen a few months before obvious signs of disease. To establish a correct diagnosis and to start treatment will help the results of the biopsy of the synovial membrane.
Diagnosis is performed in several stages:
Symptoms and causes of disease
You should pay attention to the reasons for the outbreak of the disease. Rheumatic manifestations occur with increased body temperature in a child. Children become passive, they lose their appetite. Common painful condition include swelling in the hearth of the inflamed bone of the joint. Pains one, but often two joints, located directly in proportion to each other. Children cry and complain of pain.
Marvel in most cases, major joint limb: ankle, knee and wrist joints. Lymph nodes, liver and spleen strongly enhanced, as seen by ultrasound analysis. There may be a rash on some areas of the skin caused by allergenic agents.
If at the initial stage of rheumatoid arthritis has signs of sudden exacerbation, then with high probability we can predict in the future a more severe form of the disease with a partial relapse. Often such signs of sharp deterioration appear in the youngest age category, in some exceptional cases, in adolescence.
Rheumatoid arthritis in the acute form affects only one joint, limiting its plastic dynamics. The gait of a child instantly changes, small children (under two years) refuse to walk. To develop the diseased joint, especially in the morning, it required a long warm-up.
Treatment and prevention of rheumatoid arthritis
Drug treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is prescribed by a doctor-a rheumatologist. At the initial stage is the removal of inflammation and suppression of pain. Treat arthritis need a comprehensive. Along with the General treatment, physiotherapy. In the early stages of the disease to the child are assigned non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. According to the results of many months of continuous treatment to determine further tactics of applying these remedies.
The diet of the child must include protein products and vitamin complexes with a high content of vitamin D. it is necessary to limit the consumption of food with carbohydrate and fat-containing components.
Arthritis can be overcome, and with the use of alternative folk remedies. To improve the plasticity of the joints is possible, choosing effective treatment. It may take from several months to a year.
Often rheumatoid (autoimmune) arthritis treated with folk remedies more efficiently than traditional medicine. There are many examples. Treatment of folk remedies aimed at controlling relapses and the maintenance of the joints in flexible condition.
The use of folk remedies
There are a few widely applicable methods:
Rheumatoid arthritis in children causes the family to change their way of life. It is recommended that consultation with a specialist, to temporarily take school age children for home schooling. Stiffness of the joints in children requires a good warm-up before training or game day. Additional stimulation of muscle tone will help physiotherapy.
Daily exercises give elasticity aching joints and is a great prevention of disease in healthy children. Useful are swimming, Cycling and just walking in the fresh air. You need to remember that now there will be classes in which sharp movements in the joints: jumping, running and very active games.
In the evening hours effective treatment using massage of the joints. However, all the recommendations on exercise therapy and massage must have a physician-rheumatologist. Follow the advice of experts, and arthritis will always leave your child. Be healthy!