After removal of wisdom teeth sore throat: causes
A situation in which after removal of wisdom teeth sore throat is quite common. «Wise teeth» — the group of eight, not participating in the act of chewing food, hamper nearby and cause a lot of inconvenience. If you have pain or inflammation wisdom tooth dentists recommend remove. But very often patients complain of a number of complications of this procedure. What symptoms are considered normal and which are pathological and require immediate treatment to the doctor.
Possible complications after removal
In the process of removing gums are traumatised and can develop infection. In addition, the patient can lie in wait for troubles such as:
- Pain in the throat when swallowing;
- Strong swelling of the cheeks or gums after the extraction;
- The rise in body temperature;
- Pain in the nearby tissues;
- Bleeding hole or gums;
- Loss of sensitivity in the remote region of molar;
Causes of pain in the throat
Why do patients complain of sore throat after wisdom tooth? That might be the reason of such unpleasant symptoms?
In most cases, after the removal of wisdom teeth sore throat the result:
- The response of the body to the anesthetic. Allergic reactions are expressed in dryness and burning of the mucous. You may experience swelling of tissues. Discomfort is regarded by the person as pain in the throat;
- During surgery, the doctor hit a nerve that passes close to a remote tooth and is associated with the throat. Location of nerve endings on x-ray is not visible, therefore, the actions of the doctor during surgery may injure the nerve. As a result, its entrapment. The pain from the gums giving in the throat, especially when swallowing or chewing food. A few days normalizes physiological processes and pain subsides;
- The development of the infectious process. To start the inflammatory process is the fact that the body has occurred interference from the outside. Inflammation — a protective reaction of the body to foreign bodies and microbes. Bad handling tools — one of the main reasons for the development of microbes. But sometimes the infection may occur due to the presence in the oral cavity precipitating factors: caries, herpes, stomatitis.
Pain and swelling of the gums
After removal of the swelling associated with traumatized tissue tools. The extraction process is a kind of surgery, and swelling is a response of the soft tissues on third-party intervention. Swelling can not only gums, but also the cheek. After 3 days, at the physiological course of the swelling goes away. If swelling be joined by other symptoms for example temperature, should immediately see a dentist.
The pain is also a response of the organism to damage to the nerves and surrounding soft tissues. If the actions of the dentist was right, pain is gradually fading. On day 3, the discomfort passes, subject to the prescribed recommendations. Pain more than 3 days pathology, should undergo a consultation with the doctor.
Bleeding and fever
Low-grade fever up to 37.5 *C can stay after surgery for removal. This is a normal physiological course. Prolonged fever persisting for more than a week to seek help, as this may be a consequence of the development of infectious or purulent process in the tissues.
The mouth is very well supplied with blood, so when trauma bleeding common. Bleeding gums is observed when you delete and within a few minutes after him. This is due to injury of blood vessels, which burst under the action of a doctor. During normal blood clotting, the bleeding stops after 5 to 20 minutes after the surgery. In order to stop the bleeding, you should hold a cotton swab between the teeth. If the blood is still going, a visit to the doctor should not be delayed.
Loss of sensitivity and alveolitis
Partial loss of sensitivity after removal of wise teeth is that the roots of the molars go deep into the tissues, and at surgery, the doctor can touch the nerve endings. While a person numb lips, tongue on the side of the tooth or chin. Within 7 days, the sensitivity returns.
Alveolitis develops in the result of the infection hole. Increases the inflammatory process in tissues that can be the result of:
- Dry socket;
- The remaining fragments of teeth in the hole or the gums.
For alveolitis characteristic and unpleasant smell from the mouth after removal. A complication of the disease — subperiosteal abscess, phlegmon, abscess. If you suspect a pathology doctor carries out the cleaning of wells and appoints reception of antibacterial drugs.
Tips before and after removal
Before going to the dentist for surgery, assess the condition of his body. It is impossible to remove teeth if you have:
- Runny nose;
- Herpes on the lips;
- Temperature is not related to a possible inflammatory process in the tooth.
If you delete all the forces of the body are aimed at accelerating the regeneration of damaged tissue and suppression of infection. And associated symptoms listed above will remain the «attention» of the immune system. As a result, the hole will not heal, and present the symptoms to progress. Go to the doctor in perfect health.
The removal procedure lasts quite a long time due to the complexity of the location of the tooth in the jaw. The person has a long period of time to sit with their mouth open. Mucosa is dry and painful throat. To ease the situation after surgery you can dissolve lozenges with antiseptic properties. This will not only help restore the mucous in the oral cavity, but also reduce the risk of infection.
A few days after surgery should refrain from taking alcohol, especially during treatment with antibiotics.
Not further injure the mouth solid food. Not be amiss to abandon the candy and nuts. In any case, you cannot click pips after tooth extraction. The husk contains a lot of germs and bacteria that are in contact with the damaged mucosa will cause its infection.
How to eliminate pain at home
The observance of certain rules will help to reduce and eliminate pain in the throat after removal of the wisdom tooth. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms recommend:
- Receive pain medication;
- Rinsing with antiseptic solutions;
- Reception of antihistamine drugs;
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Antibacterial medications.
Painkillers can be taken not more than once every 6 — 8 hours. Well relieve the pain:
For rinsing use a variety of antiseptic solutions and extracts of medicinal herbs. Good antimicrobial effects have:
- A solution of hydrogen peroxide;
To prepare the broth of medicinal herbs and plants are used:
- Chamomile flowers;
- Oak bark.
Prepared the soaking solution should be warm so as not to cause discomfort. Too hot can cause burns to the mucous membrane, and cold to a sharp pain.
Antihistamines are used to relieve swelling and possible allergic reaction — one of the reasons why throat hurts after wisdom tooth.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will help to reduce the temperature and prevent the development of infectious process. Dentists recommend:
- Acetylsalicylic acid.
In some cases, in difficult removal, prescribed antibiotics.
If the pain does not go away
If after 3 to 4 days after wisdom tooth hurts to swallow, there is swelling in the gums and there was a temperature — needs to know about this dentist, to avoid the development of alveolitis. Severe pain in the throat after removal of wisdom teeth, accompanied by cough and runny nose can indicate that the immune system is weakened and responded to the operation with acute respiratory illness. In this case, treatment should be directed at addressing the symptoms of the common cold.
The removal process is very difficult and often involves strong pain. Not necessarily what the patient feels discomfort, only in the place of a wisdom tooth, usually the soreness spreads to nearby tissues. This is the answer why it hurts to swallow after wisdom tooth. In most cases the situation does not require intervention of a specialist and the pain will go away in a few days.