Care for removable dentures: tools, how to care

The loss of even one tooth leads to the prosthesis. But when there is a more extensive defect, have to already wear dentures. Of course, if there are no funds for implantation. Any design that appears in the oral cavity as a result of any defect, requires special attention. This also applies to prosthesis for partial or fully edentulous. Like, it seemed that there? But caring for dentures fixed and removable and has its own characteristics. More specifically to understand this question, you need some removable design exist. Each species requires their attention. How to care for dentures everyone should know their owner.

Any removable structures are used for partial or complete loss of teeth

In the manufacture of prostheses, it is necessary to make the chewing load is distributed evenly between the remaining teeth and mucosa. In the absence of, pressure is distributed to the alveolar ridges. This happens with the help of artificial teeth and prosthetic basis. Teeth that are put into the design is the same everywhere. But the Foundation can be made of different materials. From there and based on their differences.

There are the following dentures:

  • Lamellar;
  • Clasp;
  • Nylon.

The first option is entirely of plastics, namely acrylic. This is the cheapest option. But this does not mean that the design is not durable. With proper care, it will last for years to come. Clasp differently known as arc. Because the basis is metal arc. It is very thin and is not particularly noticeable in the mouth. To it easier to get used to. The most frequent demand is now began to use dentures made of nylon. They can be applied in the absence of just one tooth, and at a complete loss. Aesthetically it is the most invisible. Nylon color and shape is chosen maximally identical to that of the gums.

The main points to care for removable dentures

Many patients, after receiving the final prosthesis, I think that everything is finished. Few people are interested in how to care for removable dentures. Therefore, from the doctor would be a gross error, if not to give appropriate recommendations. Some people think that since artificial teeth can not be cleaned. And others never take off, not knowing how it would turn out. To care for removable dentures is necessary. For each variety, recommendations.

Laminar design

Caring for removable plastic dentures without any difficulties. It all depends on the person and his approach to personal hygiene. If he not give it any special value it may lead to undesirable condition of the oral cavity. Caring for dentures does not differ from that of their natural teeth. For hygiene uses almost the same tools. In this case, you need a soft brush. Hard can scratch the denture. This also applies to pasta. If there will be scratches, they are hard to get. There will begin to accumulate bacteria that can cause inflammation.

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You need to clean the prosthesis from all sides in the morning and evening with a brush and paste. In any case, you cannot use tooth powder or abrasive paste and gel for cleaning. With the exception of those cases when the design is deposited a dark patina. It happens to smokers and those who drink strong tea and coffee. Only in such cases can be cleaned more rigid way. But should not be abused. And even better to consult your doctor and conduct a professional cleaning of the prosthesis. In General, the presence of any prosthesis, it is recommended to visit a dental office.

After cleaning, the denture overnight and leave in dezinficiruyusch solution until the morning. There are special containers for their storage. In the pharmacies you can acquire the means to care for dentures. There are tablets that dissolve in water and thus disinfect the prosthesis. You can use just boiled water. Preferably after each meal, remove the denture and rinse under running water and rinse the mouth. You must be very careful when using the plug-in denture made of plastic, because if you drop, it is possible to damage or break. This can lead to premature replacement.

Arc design

Care denture removable partial requires a special brush. It has two working parts with setae. One is similar to a conventional and for brushing teeth. And the other is on the opposite side at an angle, has a conical shape. It clean the base and you can use it to reach inaccessible places. Paste use the nursery, it has the least abrasive. Instead, you can use dishwashing detergent or liquid soap. Just as in the previous case, you can use effervescent tablets. In a glass of warm water to dissolve the tablet and put there the prosthesis for 10 minutes. This is enough to freshen and disinfect.

There are also special baths based on the ultrasonic work to care for clasp prosthesis. This is a device that connects to the electrical network. Pour into it water, placed the prosthesis and include. It turns off automatically after finishing. Due to ultrasonic oscillations clasp design cleaned of contaminants. Should such a device about 2000-3000 rubles. Given that arc prosthesis has a long lifespan, it can be purchased without hesitation. By the way, ultrasonic bath can be used for purification of other removable dentures.

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Nylon construction

Care of nylon dentures is not significantly different from the previous one. Requires the same tools. You can use a soft baby tooth brush or such as arc. Despite the fact that nylon is stronger and less subject to scratches and cracks, do not use highly abrasive substances. May have cracks that will not be visible to the naked eye. How to care for nylon dentures yourself? You must comply with all recommendations of the doctor. At night, they do not have to remove as the plastic. Enough to disinfect properly with an antiseptic solution. You can also use ultrasonic bath. Be sure to brush every day morning and evening, rinse after each meal. To visit a doctor of podiatrist every six to twelve months.

Condition, which can lead to improper care

The most common problem when wearing dentures is bad breath. It can occur for some reasons:

  • Poor personal hygiene. Food particles left after eating. If they are not removed regularly, they accumulate, what is a good place for bacteria;
  • The presence of microcracks. If abused too stiff brush or tooth powder, formed space. Then it is difficult to clean from food residue;
  • Not carried out antiseptic treatment of. To destroy the bacteria accumulated during the whole day, you need a prosthesis to process the respective solution.

The following unpleasant condition is the occurrence of inflammation. Due to poor or improper hygiene, bacteria accumulate not only on the prosthesis, but also in the oral cavity. And when there is a bacterial inflammation of the lesion is not far off. It may be a slight inflammatory phenomenon, but can develop into mucosal erosion or ulcer. Then the treatment will be very difficult and long. Therefore, you should properly care for dentures as their teeth.

May still be damage to the structure, which can not be mended. This applies not only to plastic prostheses, but also to clasp and nylon. In the first case, often breaks down the basis, because it is made of plastic. In other situations can break the artificial teeth. They are very fragile compared to the metal arc or nylon, which, by definition, impossible to break. To avoid this it is necessary to remove or to wear the denture over a sink filled with water or over a folded in several layers with a soft towel. It is necessary to use special fixing means to the denture falling out while talking or yawning.


Failure to clean may result in a loss of gloss and color fading. Even if the patient every day cleans the design with paste and brush, it still may acquire a dark patina. It occurs in people with bad habits such as Smoking. Also when consuming excessive amounts of black coffee, strong tea. It is difficult to remove yourself. So, if you want to bring back the original color, it is better to consult a specialist for professional help. They have a special brush, working on the micromotor. It is easy to clean and Polish removable.

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A little about permanent structures

For starters, let’s remember what dentures fixed in nature. It’s all kinds of crowns, bridges . That is, everything that is fixed on the teeth or in the oral cavity, roughly speaking, forever. It seems to be thought, fix them with cement and all. What there need special care? Just brush your teeth as usual. Care for removable dentures also require special attention. How to properly care for these designs? Artificial crowns need to clean from all sides. Be sure to use dental floss. Because if in the interdental spaces will accumulate the food this could cause will have to remove the crown and re-run prosthetics.

As for bridges and there is a feature on care. The facet is located between the crown and fills the missing tooth should not fit snugly against the gingival edge. In such cases, can be formed bedsores. This usually happens when the prosthesis much falls on the gums or, on the contrary, the gums are lifted when inflammation. This space needs to be cleaned out with a brush and rinse with water. For such situations great a machine as the irrigator. It cleans all surfaces, under pressure water jets. Gets all the places. Does its job better than dental floss.

In addition to all this we should not forget about the mouthwash for the oral cavity. Their frequent regular use will help prevent inflammation. And again, to visit a dental office for proper hygiene and care. Individual cleaning specialist is necessary for all, even if there are certain prostheses. Because eventually accumulate plaque, which, under the influence of the minerals saliva turns to stone. And its just the brush is impossible to clean. So care is required.