How much bleeding after removal of wisdom teeth: how to stop the bleeding
The question is how much bleeding after removal of wisdom teeth, excites a large number of people, as the eighth molars are always more susceptible to damage. Any surgical procedures in dentistry are accompanied by injury to blood vessels of the gingival edges, and also of the jawbone, the recovery process may be delayed. Knowing how to help yourself at home to reduce the bleeding, you will greatly ease their condition.
Difficult removal — how is the procedure
Extraction of wisdom teeth is always a risk of complications, including severe bleeding, the development of inflammation, physical and psychological injury to the patient. The most common causes of this:
- Total destruction of the crown;
- Damaged bone tissue;
- The roots have a curved shape, they can also go in different directions;
- «Eight» is hidden, it is necessary to carry the incision of the mucous membranes.
In such circumstances, the wisdom teeth can be removed for a long period of time, the use of the drill, Elevator, tongs, chisel. The molars need to literally remove the pieces, pre-sawn, and when the crown is in a very ruined state, made an incision in the gums and the cutting of roots, sutured.
The first time after such a complex procedure, it is necessary to carefully monitor their condition and observe the instructions of the specialist to quickly go through the rehabilitation process.
Reasons preventing krovotechenie
Wisdom tooth has a complicated location in the gum that is particularly difficult is its removal in the lower jaw because of a bad angle and other objective reasons. But there are some other complicating factors caused by the patient’s health status and non-compliance with instructions of the expert, as well as the use of anesthetic with epinephrine, anticoagulants and so on.
Failure to comply with professional recommendations
On how to stop the bleeding after removal of wisdom tooth, the patient is told directly in the dentist’s office. Despite the probable poor health as a result of complex intervention, recommendations need to listen and try to abide by it.
Poor blood clotting
This figure is always considered to be a risk factor in any surgical interventions, therefore, need to conduct appropriate studies and to take security measures. Difficulties may arise due to emergency operations, when the time for these procedures not, for example, when all sorts of injuries of the teeth and jaw.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure often experience increased discomfort due to dental procedures, a trend that continues at home. Precipitating bleeding factors it is possible to call everything that causes a spike in pressure, mostly psychological reasons. Thus, the problem can be solved by joint efforts of the dentist and physician who leads the patient.
Concomitant injury to the tissues
The success of a wisdom tooth depends largely not only on objective factors, but also on the professionalism of the dentist. Often after the procedure the blood does not stop due to severe injuries to soft tissues, blood vessels, if it was done delicately enough.
Inflammation of the wells of the remote molar teeth
Uncontrolled bleeding after an extraction suggests that the infection was in the hole, further the inflammatory process can not be avoided. Of course, soft tissue necessarily appropriate antiseptic drugs, but it does not fully protect from such danger.
Suppuration in region of the hole
Before you pull out disturbing the patient’s molar teeth specialist should conduct a full diagnosis, in particular, an x-ray. But even that does not always guarantee 100% detection of such entities as cellulitis, cyst, granuloma.
If the operation is an emergency, when delay is impossible because of the critical condition of the patient, no choice at all. A weakened immune system and any infection in the body become additional causes of suppuration, requires comprehensive treatment to address followed immediately.
Requirements after surgery
How long bleeding gums after tooth extraction largely depends on the behavior of the patient. Failure to do so can lead to increased bleeding, loss of wellbeing and a more unpleasant consequences, therefore, the negligence in here is simply unacceptable. Adopt some mandatory rules:
- Gauze turundas after applying you can not keep more than 20 minutes to remove it so that the protective blood clot fell;
- Warm compresses are prohibited, apply to the cheek for a few minutes can cool the heater;
- It is recommended to refuse from eating and drinking for 3-4 hours after the procedure;
- Rinsing with antiseptic solution need to do starting from the second day;
- Refrain from drinking alcohol for the period of recovery, Smoking is also excluded;
- The admission bath is not recommended;
- Refrain from physical stress;
- Follow the basic rules of oral hygiene, as well as all additional requirements specialist.
How to help themselves at home
The issue of concern to a large number of people, how long is bleeding after tooth extraction. In normal, if the procedure was completed quickly and successfully, it is about half an hour. It so happens that in the dentist’s office could resolve this issue, but at home the blood starting to appear. But she can stay and reappear during the whole day, so without a specialist is not enough. Also from the wells is often allocated pus — a liquid substance is yellowish with small black inclusions. It is completely natural, can go about 12 hours and it’s not a cause for concern.
When heavy bleeding is to change the gauze every 20 minutes is quite difficult to keep it pressed against the hole, about an hour, periodically changing. During this time, pathogens will not have time to develop to a dangerous amount, but it is important for careful extraction of the next turundy that the blood clot stayed in place.
Don’t forget to moisten the swab with hydrogen peroxide and other antiseptic available home funds to accelerate the effect. Only lightly moisten a piece of gauze to soak is not recommended to prevent the development of alveolitis. Please note that elution of a blood clot from the hole the success of krovoobrashseniya is reduced to zero, you need to see a specialist.
The next remedy is cold compress applied to the cheek in the injured region. As soon as you notice that the blood began to stop, use it to further improve the condition and reduce pain.
Additional self-help tool
If the simplest ways to stop the bleeding, described above, does not help, you can use any other available means. For example, buy special preparations «Dition» or «Menadione», also in the drugstore to buy hemostatic collagen sponge and use it.
Hemostatic paste used to fill holes, is applied on top of a piece of gauze, you must read the instructions. And replace this tool with fibrin film, which is particularly effective when the tube from the hole already had.
If all else fails
When within a few hours the situation could not improve and after a short time the blood again begins to go without the expert not to do, especially if you have dizziness and you feel weak. You need to get to the nearest dental clinic and ask for help, you’ll likely need suturing.
If you feel very bad, immediately call an Ambulance, of course, first and foremost complain about feeling unwell, dizzy, so she came quickly. At home you are unlikely to help because of specific problems, but always taken to the hospital, where you will be able to provide medical care.
What will the dentist
So, you have come to the re-appointment after you have removed the wisdom tooth. A specialist a few options:
- Overlay gauze swab/hemostatic sponge;
- Cauterizing damaged blood vessels (electrocautery);
- The appointment of agents to enhance blood clotting.
Sometimes the other situation is that the bleeding has stopped, but there are signs of inflammation — gums and cheek swollen, there is a persistent pain. This means that were brought infection without professional assistance is necessary.
The actions of the dentist to the following: clean the hole, then laid there a drug possessing anti-inflammatory action. Additionally, an antibiotic is prescribed, which will contribute to the speedy recovery of the patient.
If this does not give a positive result, is one way — hospitalization and observation in the hospital.
Who else may need help
Not only the dentist may take part in the rehabilitation process of the patient after a complicated tooth extraction wisdom. Must be a full collection of tests and follow-up consultations specific specialists depending on the resulting pattern. The patient can send the therapist, the cardiologist, the hematologist, and has not yet been able to establish the specific cause of the situation, to make injections with a hemostatic drug. For example, often use a solution of calcium chloride, calcium gluconate or of a preparation «Decison» intravenous and intramuscular solution of Menadione. Hypertensive patients assigned to therapy aimed at lowering blood pressure, without which stop the blood in principle, impossible.