How to remove tooth sensitivity at home
Today more and more people wonder how to relieve tooth sensitivity at home. Indeed, hypersensitivity (this is properly called a state) every year makes dentists more fear, because its prevalence is very close to this «classic» troubles like periodontitis and caries. How to treat hypersensitivity, of course, the doctor says, but something that can be done at home without waiting for a visit to the dentist.
How to reduce tooth sensitivity
Typically, when a person goes to a dentist with such a problem, the doctor recommends covering the teeth with a special varnish — it will close as the micropores in the enamel and formed in the dentinal tubules empty space. In some cases, lack of drugs, contain fluorine, they have remineralizing ability. To increase the effectiveness of treatment, both of these tools can be applied simultaneously. Thus, you can achieve two goals at once: on the one hand, to increase the threshold of excitability of nerve fibers in this zone, with another — to provide hard tissue of teeth with calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.
Sometimes assigned to iontophoresis. It is necessary for the active substances of the drugs deeper into tissue. This is done using a weak electric current. To treat tooth sensitivity at home using the same professional products, special caps, in which are laid desensitizing medication.
In General, to understand how to reduce tooth sensitivity at home, you need to understand what happens when hyperesthesia, and find out the reasons of this phenomenon. After all, if you do not remove a contributing factor to the development of this disease, no treatment can be quite effective.
For a long time it was believed that increased sensitivity is not itself the tooth enamel, and more friable layer situated beneath it is the dentin. Enamel acts as a protective shield, which protects the dentin. But when it thins and breaks down, begins hypersensitivity because of the sensitivity of the dentin, which is located microtubules to nerve endings inside.
The causes of hyperesthesia may be set. In addition to the purely dental problems including bruxism (teeth grinding during sleep), malocclusion, periodontitis and other troubles of this kind, to cause increased sensitivity can diseases of the endocrine or nervous system, as well as pregnancy or menopause, and when under the influence of hormones in the body is disturbed mineral metabolism.
Sometimes the sensitivity is increased immediately after visiting the dentist. In this case, the small inflammation of the pulp, which is nothing really and not to do in a few days it will be on their own. But if the pain persists for weeks or longer, if it occurs after eating hot or cold food and remains for a long time, if hypersensitivity is characteristic only for one specific tooth, then you need to go to the doctor. The treatment of these diseases in the home can result in abscess, then it need surgical intervention.
The cause of hyperesthesia can be bad oral hygiene and improper nutrition. These factors are the easiest to eliminate in the home. And the methods by which this can be achieved will be discussed below.
In search of the answer to the question of how to reduce the sensitivity of teeth at home should start with rules of care. First, you need to immediately replace the brush for brushing, use only products with soft bristles. Secondly, you need to discard any abrasive pastes (usually these properties have a toothpaste with a whitening effect). To reduce tooth sensitivity, it is necessary to use specially designed toothpaste. They usually contain components, such as fluoride, potassium, strontium, etc.
Many dentists recommend toothpaste based on compounds of potassium. This is a treatment paste, because the substances contained in them reduce the diameter of the already expanded dentinal tubules described above. In addition, there is a decrease in the fluid flows inside them, and therefore these pastes help to remove the sensitivity. The effect of the best pastes may occur after a few days of use.
In addition, tooth sensitivity can be reduced by using a fluoride rinse — the use of specific toothpastes. But to find them on their own not because they are prescribed by a doctor taking into account specific situation, and to use them only for a limited time.
Teeth cleaning is done according to the rules. The movement of the brush must not be harsh. Need to move gently and smoothly in a vertical and not in horizontal direction, starting from the far corners of the mouth, gradually moving to the cutters.
If tooth sensitivity treatment is not limited to only one of their cleaning with special pastes, but this is the most important part of the measures that can be applied at home.
Peculiarities of choice of therapeutic compounds
As a rule, the treatment at home gives you the effect immediately, it will take several weeks, during which the patient will always use special toothpastes and herbal decoctions. Fluoridation in the dental office gives a more rapid effect. But it does not suit all people as it has a number of contraindications. In addition, there are cases when a the use of special pastes.
They contain components that reduce the sensitivity, and substances that strengthen enamel. Some of these substances are able to eliminate the cause of sensitive teeth. For example, when hyperesthesia is caused by teeth grinding, it means a lack of calcium in the body. To fill it will help as vitamins, and special toothpaste.
Their composition may consist of the following substances:
- Potassium salt (chloride or nitrate) and strontium acetate. They reduce the sensitivity of dentin in the nerve endings.
- Potassium citrate. It is necessary for the sensitive nerve endings.
- Urea is a component of neutralizing the acid, under the action of which is the leaching of calcium from the teeth, leading to erosion of the enamel.
- Sodium fluoride is the main element that contributes to the strengthening of tooth enamel.
- Amino forms on the tooth surface film, due to which fluoride penetrates faster into the enamel, even after the end of brushing teeth.
Another component that can be part of this paste is ultrafine synthetic hydroxyapatite. Despite the intimidating name, it is very useful because it promotes the remineralization even weakened enamel, protecting it from any possible irritants.
What pastes are considered to be less useful? Are those that contain monoftorfosfat. In such pastes by itself, the fluorine is released only after some time after their application, so that the teeth had to be cleaned for a very long time that fluoride had to come into contact with the enamel. In General, fluorinated compounds are considered to be equally important even compared with the active ingredients listed above.
Clean your teeth with special brushes. They have rounded bristles, which allows to prevent damage of the enamel.
If these medications do not help, you must already hold a professional fluoride treatment of the teeth or to cover teeth with silver, mineral composition. Dentists also offer other methods — for example, fissure sealing, which is a complex of procedures aimed at the physical sealing of tiny grooves, which are located on the surface of chewing teeth. Sometimes it is possible and restoration of the enamel in some areas.
How to prepare rinse
For example, a person sensitive teeth what to do at home, he generally knows it only remains to consolidate the achieved effect. In this case, you can use one of the proven recipes. So, well-proven decoction of oak bark, it has antibacterial and astringent properties. 1 tbsp dried plant materials need to pour a glass of water, boil this composition for 5-7 minutes, then cool, strain and use to rinse.
Regardless of what pasta was chosen, after brushing, do not immediately rinse your mouth. Let the active ingredients some time to interact with the tooth enamel. Then, if the rinse aid will not be applied, you should rinse your mouth with a solution formed from water and toothpaste.
The infusion of chamomile is another popular composition for rinsing. Not only it has a soothing and anti-inflammatory effect, but also has analgesic effect. The proportion will be the same — 1 tablespoon of dry inflorescences pour a glass of boiling water and infused for 45 minutes. The warm infusion is used for rinsing. This should be done after every meal.
Finally, it is possible for the same purpose prepare a decoction of burdock. It has mainly analgesic effects. The broth is prepared in the standard way, proviva 1 tbsp of dry plant material in a glass of water for 3-5 minutes. Then the finished tool to use as a regular conditioner.
Prevention of hyperesthesia
The most important part of the preventive measures is to avoid risky dental procedures. Basically we are talking about chemical and mechanical bleaching, which negatively affects the enamel. Ultrasonic whitening is considered the most gentle method, since it applies a much lower concentration of active substances, and the exposure time in this procedure is significantly less — only about 12-15 minutes.
Some doctors believe that it is better to resort to laser whitening. Prior to the procedure and for some time after it will have to use a special desensitizing toothpaste.
For a long time such a paste cannot be used. It has a low capacity of abrasive and cleans the teeth. Therefore, it is necessary to alternate the use of toothbrushes with soft and rather stiff bristles and a special toothpaste with an ordinary.
Finally, to the effect of all these events was the maximum, you need to regularly visit the dentist in order to cure all diseases, including periodontitis and caries. And, of course, the important role played by proper nutrition and avoiding harmful habits, in particular Smoking.
The power hyperesthesia
What else can be done with tooth sensitivity is to revise your diet. First, you need to completely abandon carbonated drinks. Secondly, when hyperesthesia of teeth, the body requires more phosphorus, and it can be obtained from sea fish and egg yolks. Thirdly, you need to eat more parsley and celery. On the one hand, they have bactericidal effect, which is useful for the mouth in General. On the other hand, they provide a massaging effect, which is useful for gums.
When hyperesthesia is necessary to limit the number of not only sweet, but also acidic foods. The list includes many berries, citrus, some apples. But dairy is to eat more. In addition, in order to provide the body with sufficient vitamins E and D, need to eat more Kale (different varieties, choosing the one that is better absorbed).