Mouth sores, sores, sores: causes and treatment

Aptos or sores in the mouth is a fairly common medical affliction that affects almost one in seven people on the planet. In General, ulcers in the mouth are characterized by violation of the integrity of the mucous membranes of the cheeks, lips and gums. These sores are different colors. There are white sores in the mouth, yellowish and red. Very often this disease rather spoils a person’s life, not allowing him to speak normally and swallow the food.

The main causes of disease

Basically, the main reasons for the development of ulcers in the mouth are General or specific disease of the oral mucosa, as well as a number of other diseases related to the violation of correct operation of the organism.

Stomatitis aphthous type

This disease is characterized by inflammatory processes, which takes place in chronic form. At this illness in a person’s mouth appear small abscesses, bringing him to the pain of an acute nature. When AFTA appears in the place where it is constantly dominated by the friction force, after the treatment, the patient may remain scars. Most often abscesses in the mouth in such cases are formed as a consequence of various inflammatory processes that affect the intestine of the patient. Also sores in the mouth can be a sign of a person with psychological problems such as depression, emotional stress and others. White sores in the mouth while canker sores appear as a result of female problems with menstruation.

To heal ulcers in the mouth may be fairly quickly, in six days, but there are cases where ulcers do not heal for a long time until one month.

Stomatitis herpetiformis

If a person had the disease, soon he will start to appear and sores on the mucous membrane, which consist of small papules, something resembling herpes expression. These ulcer-type sores in the mouth are grayish and may appear anywhere in the oral cavity. Their healing takes place in about 7-10 days after the first symptoms.

In simple stomatitis in humans, ulcers in the oral mucosa are white. In young children they often are the result of lesions of the oral cavity fungal microorganisms of the family Candida.

The acute form of gingivostomatitis

The disease develops as a result of mucosal lesions of various viruses and infections. In this disease in humans appear ulcers, which are localized on the tonsils, soft palate, gums and inner parts of the cheeks. Their occurrence occurs in consequence of a compromised immune system, and also as a result of injury to the mucous membrane, weakening of the body in the chronic form, and hypothermia. Sometimes the disease is preceded by an allergic reaction. Especially susceptible to disease men. In such cases, in the mouth of an adult there is pain when eating, the saliva begins to be produced much faster, there is a temperature and a bad smell from the mouth. The mucous changes in the form of swelling and bleeding.

Necrotic periadenita recurrent forms

In this disease the person is seal the mouth, and then the tissue appears sore in the mouth. It takes a little time and there is a second, third and more. These wounds in the oral cavity slightly beyond the mucous membrane, that is located a bit above it. They are coated in the form of infiltration and quite painful.

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This type of ulcerative ranock most often localized on the internal lip surface, the inner surface of the cheeks and edges of the tongue. Festering sore in the mouth is very painful, so many people during exacerbation even depriving yourself of meals because it begins to feel unbearable pain. Also in such cases it is very difficult to talk. The disease passes in the chronic form, and the duration of exacerbation may last up to several months.

AFTA Bednar

This disease affects only small children, not complying with hygienic rules and those who are constantly subjected to mechanical damage of the mucosa.
When a patient suffers from this disease, the ulcer in the mouth has a yellowish color and is localized mostly in the sky.


Traumatic ulcer in the mouth occurs after any injury to the oral cavity. Often the injury occurs due to incorrectly carried out hygienic procedures in cleaning your teeth. Less traumatic wound in your mouth occurs when the treatment of the gums and teeth in the dentist’s office. Also the emergence of sores may occur due to an improperly installed implant.

Traumatic expressions heal in a few weeks. Often, such an ulcer can be removed without the use of special medical treatments. Sores do not bring much inconvenience, because they do not have pain and a small size.

Tuberculosis of the oral cavity

The disease occurs as a complication of pulmonary tuberculosis. This happens when the mucous gets on the causative agent. In this disease sores appear in the mouth, which are small in size and light shade. First, develop a tiny exaltation, and then they disappear, and in their place appear white sores that shortly grow to include all the possible sites in the mouth. Tuberculosis ulcer other can be distinguished by the fact that she is very shallow, and its bottom formed bleeding skin cells. A person has severe pain, and he soon begins to lose weight, his tongue oblivaetsya, fever and sweating.


When does the incubation period of syphilis, a person has a mouth ulcer, which multiplies rapidly and after a few days they become enough to cause medium discomfort. Scarring occurs only after complete cure of the disease. Such sores can be found on the form. Usually sore with syphilis have an ellipsoidal or circular form. It is scarlet in color, has a smooth surface and does not cause painful sensations. The circumference of sores swells and becomes bluish. After 5-10 weeks, the ulcers disappear, leaving behind scars in the form of little stars.

Sores in a child

If a young child’s mouth came a white sores, then most likely he has stomatitis. Also the sores can have a red tint, the child’s swollen tongue. Often nothing in the appearance of these expressions there, but they contribute to the deterioration of the General condition of the baby. He begins to refuse food and constantly acting out.

Most thrush prone to poor children who have a tendency to allergic manifestations. In rare cases, the disease is a sign of developing serious diseases.

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To get rid of sores in the mouth of a child the parents should make an appointment to the doctor — pediatrician.

Definitely need to take the baby to a health facility if:

  • rash mouth started together with the generation on the body of transparent bubbles;
  • fever(39 degrees);
  • inflammation occurs the genitals or eyes;
  • the appearance of expressions started after taking any medication;
  • the baby is constantly sick and scratched his head, and he found it difficult to breathe;
  • in the presence of the sores having a size more than one centimeter;
  • if you have a large number of sores;
  • the frequent appearance of lesions;
  • when lesions do not heal for more than three weeks.

Quite often in children the reason for the development of ulcerative lesions are the various traumatic effects on the mucosa of the mouth. It is also worth noting that the sores appear due to certain foods. The most common foods provoking the appearance of expressions are:

  1. fruits(pineapples, apples, oranges);
  2. tomatoes;
  3. chocolate;
  4. berries(strawberries, raspberries, strawberries);
  5. seafood;
  6. cheese;
  7. seasonings;
  8. cereals (buckwheat, peas);
  9. figs.



Before proceeding to the treatment of ulcers in the mouth it is necessary to identify the reason of their occurrence and eliminate it. Mandatory components of health measures is proper nutrition. In the period of the disease the patient should eat such food as:

  • peas;
  • beans;
  • chicken;
  • eggs, especially protein;
  • nuts;
  • cabbage;
  • sorrel and spinach.

The surface of the lips must be covered with vegetable oil or special medication remedy based on vitamin E.

So, how to get rid of ulcer sores in the mouth? Today there are many tools that give a good result. The most common and effective methods of treatment are the following:

Baking soda. This product is used for rinsing. For a solution it is necessary to take 200 ml of warm water and add one small spoonful of baking soda, mix thoroughly and gargle 10 times a day. If soda is used for cleaning of teeth, this procedure should be until the disappearance of events. Also baking soda can be treated only appearing abscesses.
Change your old brush to clean the teeth. If for some reason to make it impossible, it is recommended to boil the brush in the soda solution.
Zelenka. Many people get scared when they have a large and very painful ulcers. But fear is not necessary. The simplest remedy for this infection is brilliant green, which will cope with any plague. She has only one minus. When applied on the location of the sores it causes severe pain.

Thus, the above-described methods are merely the most common, but there are many others, resort to which in case if you have mouth sores treatment baking soda and green paint do not help. So how to treat sores in the mouth, if the soda treatment does not give positive results? There are the following methods:

  • treatment of sores lidocaine gel;
  • to perform irrigation of the oral cavity special drug with a solution of antiseptic action;
  • treating ulcers dexamethasone gel;
  • to start taking such medications as desensibilization or antihistamines. First you can take fenkarol and the second tavegil, suprastin or loratadin;
  • in the presence of lesions on the lips must be lubricated them with ointment Acyclovir or any other, which helps with herpes.
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Furthermore, it is well relieves ulcerative lesions solution on the basis of nystatin, dexamethasone and vitamin B12. Solution moisten small pieces of medical cotton wool and put them on the affected areas. Keep them to fifteen minutes during the week, five times a day. The first results appear on the first day.

If the disease was the result of stomatitis, the treatment of ulcers in the mouth is constructed of several stages. The choice of treatment regimen is based on the degree of severity of the disease and the frequency of occurrence of sores. The dosage of the drugs selected on the basis of age categories of patients.

Elimination of exacerbations

There are several forms of stomatitis, which tend to worsen and back. As the impetus for their occurrence can be a stressful experience, physical protoplanet or breach of the oral mucosa. A number of simple tips and advice help to make the periods of remission longer.

So, to increase the duration of remission should:

  • eliminate the existing teeth carious cavity type;
  • to carry out the teeth cleaning up to three times and to irrigate the oral cavity by warm water after a meal. Toothbrush should have soft detenu;
  • do not use rinse with special mouthwash with antibacterial action;
  • eliminate from the diet all foods that act as allergen;
  • several times a year to take drugs on the basis of minerals and vitamins;
  • do not expose yourself to strong fatigue and stressful situations.

If a person has sores in the mouth treatment can also be performed using the procedure cauterization. What can be done to cauterize sores? The most efficient means are different solutions on the basis of furatsilina, chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide.

So from all the above it is clear, from what and why there are ulcerative lesions in the oral cavity. It is also clear, what are the causes and treatment of this disease. It only remains to add that any of the sores can be cured at home, but as mentioned above, the mouth ulcers causes can be varied and to eliminate them it is necessary to seek help from professionals, because many of the disease causing the development of sores are very serious diseases that require special attention.