Stomatitis in infants: symptoms and treatment in children under one year
Every mother is closely monitoring the health of your child, but there are some diseases that are hard to protect small children, and this applies to stomatitis. According to statistics, every third year old baby is suffering from this inflammatory process, with age, the probability of getting sick reduces. Knowledge about why appear stomatitis in an infant and how to treat it, will help mothers to prevent the development of this disease or faster to cope with it.
What is stomatitis
Stomatitis – inflammation of mucous membranes in the oral cavity caused by bacterial or viral infection, less frequently from allergies, which can spread to the inner surface of the cheeks, lips, tongue, gums and palate.
Stomatitis occurs in infants due to the violation of integrity of tissues and getting into the gaps of harmful bacteria (most often staphylococci, because they live in the mouth of everyone, but can be other types) or viruses. Much less inflammation in the mouth develops due to allergic reactions to medications or products.
Causes of stomatitis in toddlers
Most often an inflammatory process in the oral parish appears in infants, with age, the tendency to the development of stomatitis is reduced. For this phenomenon there are several reasons:
- the appearance of milk teeth;
- the infliction of small wounds in the mouth;
- a weak immune system;
- lack of vitamins;
- causeless inflammation aphthous stomatitis;
- herpetic stomatitis.
The appearance of milk teeth
First teeth appear in children at different ages, but most often it begins in 6-10 months. This period is the unsafe process – milk tooth breaks through the gums, disrupting its integrity, causing itching, pain, fever.
During this period, we need to double the control over the child, to wash his nipples or rattles, do not allow to enter in the mouth hand. If this is not done, then the baby puts in the mouth of bacteria and viruses, which were under his nails or on toys, microorganisms penetrate into an abscess on the gum is damaged, starts freezing.
The infliction of small wounds
Sometimes thrush in the newborn occurs due to the negligence or carelessness of the parent who may accidentally damage the mucous membranes in the mouth pacifier or rattle, if I can put it in your mouth baby dramatically. In this case, a scratch or crack in the future become the new home for germs.
Weak immunity and lack of vitamins
Stomatitis appears in the infant more often than the adult child, because the second one has a powerful defense and innate immunity. In children of early age protective system of the body is not yet formed, they receive the necessary antibodies from mother’s milk. So stomatitis in a child up to two years develops because the slightest scratch in my mouth or sucking dirty fingers, because the baby’s immunity is not ready to fight bacteria.
A deficiency of vitamin D, B12 and C deteriorate the situation, reducing the body’s ability of babies to fight infection.
Aphthous stomatitis in infants and kids appears for no apparent reason, i.e. no damage of the oral cavity and infection by bacteria or viruses. Often the cause of aphthous inflammations become allergic to food additives, dyes toys or tissues, which the child pulls in a mouth, and various medications.
Herpetic stomatitis in infants is much rarer, because the herpes virus is not genital shape in clean homes with regular cleaning and airing is rare. Infect the baby, they may, for example, one of the parents, if he had a cold sore on the lip or skin and he will be in contact with the face of a child.
Proceeds herpetic stomatitis is painful, because in addition to inflammation in the mouth, the newborn gums, palate and cheeks appear small ulcers or vesicles filled with fluid, causing severe burning, swelling, which may cover the throat.
The symptoms of stomatitis
Stomatitis recognize a child is not easy, because many of its symptoms coincide with symptoms of other respiratory diseases or problems with the digestive system. Accurate diagnosis can only pediatrician, which is to take the baby, upon seeing such symptoms:
- fever, heat;
- the child often cries, refuses to eat;
- the baby gets fussy, sleep poorly, often whining and constantly demanding of attention;
- the baby often tries to climb with your hands in your mouth or scratch my gums toy;
- the baby is red and inflamed gums, tongue and palate;
- on the inner surface of the cheeks may appear a small rash;
- profuse salivation, the appearance of whitish plaque on the gums, tongue and cheeks;
- without treatment stomatitis in a child’s mouth may appear small sores, blisters and bad odor.
Upon seeing such symptoms you need to go to the doctor, treatment of stomatitis in children under one year should be fast, safe and professional. You should not listen to grandmothers and afraid of «chemicals», because the pills will help to quickly relieve the child from the inflammatory process in the mouth, and a variety of herbal lotions or garlic will only worsen his health.
Diagnosis of stomatitis in children
Diagnosis of stomatitis in infants should be performed only in the hospital or at home, if the child feel bad. The treating pediatrician needs to measure the temperature of infants, with stomatitis, she is usually in the range 38-40 degrees, to examine his mouth with disposable sterile blades. If primary inspection does not allow to make an accurate diagnosis, then the child needs to take blood samples and make bacterial seeding on the basis of the smear from his mouth.
Treatment of stomatitis in infants
Many parents wonder how to treat stomatitis in children under one year? The first thing to note is to do this in any case impossible. If the inflammatory process in the oral cavity caused by bacteria or viruses that need treatment by antibiotics or antiviral drugs, competently and safely to select them only by the doctor, after tests and inspection. The main task of parents is to consult a doctor after they notice the symptoms of thrush in infants.
What drugs are prescribed?
To relieve the symptoms and start to treat stomatitis in infants, you need several groups of drugs:
- soft non-concentrated anti-inflammatory medication based on ibuprofen in the form of syrup or liquid;
- medicines that reduce temperature and ease aches in the body;
- ointment to relieve swelling, itching, and wound healing;
- antibiotics, antiviral or anti-allergic drugs, depending on the nature of the causative agent of the inflammatory process.
In addition to drugs, treatment of stomatitis in infants involves rehydration. Due to the high temperature the baby’s body loses a lot of liquid, so it needs to be restored with the help of warm boiled water. Juices, milk and other drinks poorly quench thirst, increase the level of glucose in the blood, thereby worsening the dehydration.
If fever lasts a long time and causes severe dehydration, the doctor will prescribe the child introduction of liquids through a saline drip.
Treatment of aphthous stomatitis
Or allergic aphthous stomatitis often does not require any special treatment, quite a few days to give the child anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antiallergic drugs which will prescribe a doctor, but often you don’t even need these medications. You also need to comply with high-quality oral hygiene, purifying it from the remnants of food or milk.
It is important during the treatment of aphthous stomatitis hygiene in the room to find and eliminate the source of Allergy in infants. It can be brightly colored substandard toys, synthetic fabrics, too old nipples from a bad rubber. In the room of the baby is required to conduct daily wet cleaning, and anything that can get into his mouth, to be treated with boiling water.
Treatment of herpetic stomatitis
Treatment of herpetic stomatitis in children is complicated by the fact that most antiviral drugs are not intended for such young children, most often, doctors prescribe acyclovir, and other drugs with the same active ingredient.
Because of the appearance of sores and blisters with fluid the baby’s gums are sore, itchy, so he often cries and tries to scratch his mouth. Some parents are trying to soothe the pain of the baby a local anesthetic, e.g. lidocaine, but due to the activity of the virus pain quickly returned and the numbness of gums may only scare the kid. To better cope with the pain with warm teas with chamomile or fennel.
Once again I want to warn parents against making rash actions. The Internet offers to children the treatment of stomatitis in various ways, ranging from wiping the gums with peroxide ending with the application on herpetic vesicles of brilliant green or iodine. These aggressive medication intended for treatment of external wounds, they can burn the mucous membranes in the mouth toddler and significantly worsen the condition.
Home treatment of inflammation in the oral cavity with garlic drops, onion or celery juice, lotions of various herbs – all this does not kill the germs, and will only upset the kid, cause he has a bad attitude and poor appetite.
Every parent needs to know what «chemistry» as it is called grandma, saved the lives of more than one million kids, so don’t be afraid of it, especially when prescribers physicians.
Prevention of stomatitis
Prevention of stomatitis is simple, keeping it can to protect the baby not only from the disease but also from many bacterial and viral infections.
- First, you need to thoroughly clean the kid’s room, refreshing all surfaces with a wet cloth daily, and vacuuming carpets once in a few days.
- Secondly, it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of linen and clothes of the baby, especially when it’s hot time – summer. The child often pulls the tissue in the mouth, leaving saliva with its own bacteria, which begin to develop quickly in the environment.
- Thirdly, it is important to raise the baby’s immunity by giving him diluted fresh juice of red apples, pears, plums and apricots, and also vegetables. These foods are rich in iron and other minerals, vitamins, they will help the body of infants to handle the attacks of microorganisms.
- The fourth rule is respect for the child. Parents should understand that they may infect the baby if you get sick themselves, so this period should not be too close to it, it is better to wear a gauze bandage.
Must be treated regularly all the toys that played the kid. Up to three years, doctors recommend giving children a plastic, after all Teddy bears collected a lot of dust, bacteria and dust mites. Every 2-3 days you need to rinse the toy infants boiling water, and nipples and bottles should be cleaned daily.
Proper oral hygiene is the main prevention and treatment stomatitis in kids, because after cleansing the oral cavity from food debris there is almost no nutrient medium for bacteria. Brush for infants you must buy a special, they have soft bristles that won’t hurt sensitive gums.
Up to two years is enough to clean your mouth brush dipped in Romashkovo broth, it will soothe the mucous membrane and will further soften the bristles of the brush. Do not use any toothpaste or liquid for rinsing, because the child may accidentally swallow them.
Stomatitis in infants occurs quite often, because they are teething, they constantly pull not always clean hands or toys in their mouth, which can be bacteria or viruses. With the rules of prevention and symptoms of the inflammatory process in the mouth should see each parent, because the only way to protect the baby from disease or time to start treating this disease.